Land use Maps

Land use Maps

 

maps that reflect the land resources and types of land use in the national economy. Land use maps are subdivided into land resource, land in service, and agricultural land use maps. Maps of the first group show the distribution of land by user (for example, the land use map in the Atlas of USSR Agriculture, 1960). Maps of the second group show the distribution of land in service (for example, the land in service maps in the atlases of Irkutsk and Kustanai oblasts). Maps of the third group reflect the use of agricultural lands (for example, the 1:1,000, 000 land use map of Indonesia).

By subject matter, land use maps are divided into general, which include all kinds of lands in service, and specific, which depict such individual types of land as arable land, hay fields, and pastures.

Land use maps are published on large, medium, and small scales in more than 70 countries: for example, on scales of 1:25, 000, 1:63, 360, and 1:625, 000 in Great Britain; of 1:25, 000 in Poland; of 1:500, 000 in Czechoslovakia; of 1:50, 000, 1:200, -000, and 1:1,000, 000 in Canada; and of 1:50, 000, 1:250, 000, and 1:1,000, 000 in Japan.

To coordinate research on land registration, the 16th congress of the International Geographic Union appointed a commission in 1949 on land use; by 1951 the commission had worked out the key of the 1:1,000, 000 world land-use survey map. Since then land use maps have been compiled on the same scale in many countries. Under the direction of the United Nations, the Geographic Institute of Agostini (Italy) prepared a world land use atlas, the first part of which was issued in 1969. In the USSR, large-scale land use maps of kolkhozes, sovkhozes, administrative regions, and oblasts are being prepared, and some of them (with a small scale) are included in regional atlases (Leningrad and Riazan’ oblasts and other areas). Land use maps are compiled from topographic maps, land allocation plans, aerial photo surveys, statistical data, and results of field trips.

Land use maps are the basis for the registration and qualitative and economic evaluation (cadastres) of land resources. They show the relationship between lands in service and natural conditions, knowledge of which is essential for scientific planning of the rational use of land.

REFERENCES

Nikolaevskaia, E. M. Karty khoziaistvennogo ispol’ovaniia zemel’. Moscow, 1970. (Metodicheskie ukazaniia po proektirovaniiu i sostavleniiu kompleksnykh nauchno-spravochnykh atlasov, issue 16.)
Nikishov, M. I., Iu. V. Shumov, and N. S. Karpov. Metodika sostavieniia obzornykh kart ispoVzovaniia zemel’ SSSR. Moscow, 1972.

M. I. NIKISHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The maps which are representative of such activities in different areas of the ground are called land use maps [1].
And then after providing land use maps for each period the degree of use changes were extracted.
Providing land use maps using numerical data obtained from land sat TM satellite and geographical information syste.
Comparing productive land use maps using MODIS and WIFS-IRS sensor data in Samirom area--Brojen.
To provide land use map, this research has benefited from the +ETM sensor images related to the year 2002 and TM sensor data of the land sat satellite related to the year 1987.
Supervised Classification and Extracting Land use Map:
So images were interpreted by software, and then after the geometric correction changed into land use maps of the area, five types of land use including, pasture, irrigation farming, dry farming, urban areas and gardens were selected for the region.
By using the runoff coefficient values determined for the various land use maps of basin runoff coefficient in years 1968, 1995 and 2008 were prepared.
But the similarity in curve number and in the studied period can be interpreted like this: in order to calculate the curve number have been used hydrological groups and land use maps and to calculate, maps of land cover, soil depth, permeability status of drainage and slope have been used.
Preparing Land Use Map by Using Aerialphotos in 1968 and 1995:
For preparing the map of basin CN, in ERDAS, land use map and hydrological soil groups were combined together and the final map of curve number in years 1968, 1995 and 2008 was obtained.
If the map of hydrological group has been prepared correctly it includes three maps of the soil depth, permeability and drainage situation, therefore if we assume that the slope in two studied periods is almost without change, regarding to correlation and relationship of land cover map to land use map, This similarity in the process referred to both factors is justified.
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