Landolphia

Landolphia

 

a genus of plants of the family Apocynaceae. They are large lianas with thick trunks; some are shrubs or herbs. The leaves are opposite. The flowers, which are five-parted and often have a pleasant fragrance, are in panicles or corymbs. The fruits are berry-like, juicy, large, and often edible. There are 55 species, distributed in Madagascar and in the savannas and tropical forests of Africa. About 15 species of Landolphia are rubber plants; the rubber is obtained from the bark of the trunks and branches or from the rhizomes and roots.

REFERENCE

Rastitel’noe syr’e SSSR, vol. 1. Edited by M. M. Il’in. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950. Page 61.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of ethanolic and aqueous leaf extracts of landolphia owariensis on the serum lipid profile of rates.
Benth Sausage tree 2316413 Landolphia owariensis Smith White-ball rubber, Vine rubber, rubber vine, ciwo 113251 Leptadenia pyrotechica L.
The Group 2 consisted of species: 1 (Terminalia avicennoides), 2 (Crotalaria arenaria), 3 (Rogeria adenophylla), 4 (Lepr Cordyla pinnata), 5 (Cymbopogon giganteus Hoscht), 6 (Hyparrhenia dissoluta), 7 (Ocimum basiculum Linn), 8 (Vernonia colorata (Willd), 10 (Combretum nigricans), 11 (Adenium obesum (Forsk), 29 (Hyptis spicigera Lam.), 33 (Piper sarmentosum), 11 (Combretum micranthum (G Don), 17 (Spondias lutea Linn), 18 (Khaya senegalensis), 20 (Trichilia emetica Vahl), 21 (Combretum glutinosum Perr), 24 (Hexalobus monopetalus (A.Rich) Engl.et Diels), 25 (Azadirachta indica), 26 ( Jatropha gossyfolia), 27 (Cassia occidentalis Linn), 28 (Adhatoda kotschyi Hochst), 29 (Boscia senegalensis (Pers.) Lam ex Poir.), 31 (Landolphia senegalensis (A.DC.) Kotsch.
2.Las particulas de caucho, que en estado natural aparecen en forma de suspension coloidad en el latex de determinadas plantas, son obtenidas principalmente a partir de los generos Hevea, Castilloa, Manihot, Ficus y Landolphia (Maurette, 1924; Morgan, 1999; Priyadarshan, 2011).
The most common rubber plants west of this frontier were the Landolphia Owariensis and the Landolphia Florida, both climbers.
Ofoefule, 1997.: Investigations into the folkloric antimicrobial activities of Landolphia owerrience.
The prominent tree species are Landolphia oweriensis, Glyphaea brevis, Cynometra megalophylla, Ceiba pentandra and Irvingia gabonensis (Table 3).
Not rated 3 Pseuderanthemum ludovicianum Not rated 4 Polyalthia suavolens Not rated 5 Annonidium mannii Not rated 6 Xylopia aethiopica Not rated 7 Cleistopholis glauca Not rated 8 Xylopia chrysophylla Not rated 9 Alstonia bonei Not rated 10 Clitandra cymulosa Not rated 11 Rauvolfia mannii Not rated 12 Ancylobotrys pyriformis Not rated 13 Holarrhena floribunda Not rated 14 Hunteria congolana Not rated 15 Landolphia mannii Not rated 16 Landolphia violacea Not rated 17 Saba florida Not rated 18 Strophantus sarmentosus Not rated 19 Culcacia sp.
Other latex producing plants which had not been used on a large scale include: Ficus elastica, Castillea elastica landolphia sp, Achras zapota, Minusops balata, Mnaihot galzlovii and ryptostegia spp among others.
Investigation into the folkloric antimicrobial activities of Landolphia owrrience.