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Landrum-Griffin Act,1959, passed by the U.S. Congress, officially known as the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act. It resulted from hearings of the Senate committee on improper activities in the fields of labor and management, which uncovered evidence of collusion between dishonest employers and union officials, the use of violence by certain segments of labor leadership, and the diversion and misuse of labor union funds by high-ranking officials. The act provided for the regulation of internal union affairs, including the regulation and control of union funds. Former members of the Communist party and former convicts are prevented from holding a union office for a period of five years after resigning their Communist party membership or being released from prison. Union members are protected against abuses by a bill of rights that includes guarantees of freedom of speech and periodic secret elections. Secondary boycotting and organizational and recognition picketing (i.e., picketing of companies where a rival union is already recognized) are severely restricted by the act. In the field of arbitration, an amendment to the Taft-Hartley Labor Act (1947) written into this 1959 act authorized states to process cases that fall outside the province of the National Labor Relations Board. Organized labor has, in general, opposed the act for strengthening what they consider the antilabor provisions of the Taft-Hartley Labor Act.
(Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959), a law passed in the USA on Sept. 14, 1959, pushed by the monopoly circles and aiming at weakening the trade unions and establishing control over them.
The Landrum-Griffin Act strengthens government interference in the internal affairs of the trade unions (it regulates the system of setting membership dues, holding elections, imposing disciplinary penalties, and so on) and compels the trade unions to present detailed accounts on all officers and their earnings, on the trade union bylaws, and on revenue and expenditures. The secretary of labor has the right to conduct an investigation against a trade union if the bylaws or the election procedures have been violated.
The Landrum-Griffin Act substantially curtails the ability of the trade unions to defend the economic interests of the working people: it prohibits certain types of picketing, including those aimed at the recognition of a trade union if the union is not registered with state agencies, and it completely prohibits the secondary boycott, which is an instrument of solidarity with strikers and a means of exerting pressure on the entrepreneurs. These provisions expand the entrepreneurs’ opportunities for disrupting strikes and erecting obstacles to the growth of trade union membership, and they even threaten collective bargaining itself. Violation of the statute is punishable by a fine of $10,000 or a prison term of up to one year.