Landscape Facies

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Facies, Landscape


an elementary morphological unit of a geographic landscape; a structural component of an isolated topographic feature. A landscape facies usually coincides with one mesorelief element—for example, the top of a hill or the upper part of a hill’s northern slope—or with an individual microrelief form. It is characterized by a homogeneous bedrock, microclimate, water regimen, and soil cover and is located within a single biocenosis. The diverse types of landscape facies result from natural differences and from deforestation, plowing, land reclamation, and other forms of human activity.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Full browser ?