Landsturm


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Landsturm

 

the category of reserve military manpower third in line to be called up and the auxiliary units formed from them in wartime in Prussia, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Switzerland during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

It first appeared in the Austrian Tirol in 1809. It was created in Prussia in 1813 and included all men from 15 to 60 years of age capable of bearing arms and not serving in the army or the landwehr. According to a German law of 1888 the landsturm included all males from 17 to 45 years of age liable to military service but not in active service. In Austria-Hungary the landsturm included all those from 19 to 42 years of age. By a law of 1935 fascist Germany enrolled in the landsturm all those 45 to 55 years of age with military obligations. The category of landsturm has been preserved in Switzerland.

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In the case of our fictional Landsturm infantry squad, they were lucky to be armed with captured bolt action Russian Model 1891 Three-Line Rifles at a time when many units were still issued obsolete black-powder single-shot rifles.
More uniform views of our Austro-Hungarian Landsturm are available at www.gunsmagazine.com.
Interestingly, what historians refer to the as the Ersatz units--usually mixed Landwehr and Landsturm formations--which were used to garrison Germany's eastern conquests, were among the first to disintegrate and head home without orders.
Aunque su anhelo de tener en Prusia y en el resto de Alemania una insurreccion era evidente en muchos de sus escritos, hubo sobre todo uno, Was bedeutet Landsturm und Landwehr?
The German Army by 1918 did not have enough personnel to serve as prison camp guards, and those it did have were Landsturm men, old or unfit.
He renders Unter den Linden as "Unter den Lenten," Landsturm as "Landstrum," Dreyse as "Dryse," Humboldt as "Humbolt," and so on.
As Gew 98 production numbers increased, the Gew 88 was gradually withdrawn from service, first among the regular army, followed by the Landwehr and eventually the Landsturm.
The 88/05 was intended to serve as a stopgap issue for the Landwehr, then to the Landsturm, as the Imperial German Army was reequipped with the Gew 98 and Kar 98.
A substantial number of Model 1867 and 1873 Werndls still on hand in 1914 eventually saw service with the Landsturm during WWI.