Landwehr


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Landwehr

 

the category of reserve military manpower second in line to be called up and second-line military units in Prussia, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Switzerland in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

It appeared in Austria in 1808. In 1813 the term “landwehr” was adopted by Prussia to signify a militia assigned by military districts for field service. In 1814 it became a category of army reserve to which servicemen 27 to 39 years of age were attached after they completed active military service and had been in the reserve (first in line). Austria introduced the landwehr in December 1866 as second-line units, which retained permanent cadres during peacetime; on the eve of World War I the landwehr was reorganized into first-line troops. In fascist Germany (under a 1935 law) the landwehr included reservists 35 to 45 years of age. The category of landwehr has been preserved in Switzerland.

References in periodicals archive ?
(1997) and was sent to the Laboratorio de Isotopos Estables, Instituto de Geologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, where it was analyzed following the method described by Revesz and Landwehr (2002) and normalized in accordance to Coplen (1988), Coplen et al.
Hugh Landwehr, SCENIC COORDINATION: I've been an Edward Gorey fan since I was 13.
Landwehr (Kai-serlich-Koniglich--Imperial/Royal) made up of all citizens, regardless of ethnicity, who resided in Austria.
Isto devido a alta variabilidade da F[C.sub.max] mesmo para pessoas de mesma idade (Ricard, Leger e Massicotte, 1990; Whaley e colaboradores, 1992; Howley, Bassett e Welch, 1995; Robergs e Landwehr, 2002; Antonacci e colaboradores, 2007).
It is dated December 21 1916 and has a picture of Berlin's Landwehr Canal on the front and bears the stamp of the 2nd Bavarian Infantry Regiment.
She leaves behind her beloved sister and best friend, Berma (Art) Haynes of Charleston, WV; two daughters, Deborah (Hank) Rabine of Wauconda, IL, and Michelle (Tom) Campo of Madison, WI; and grandchildren, Kevin (Sharon) Rabine, Jana (Alex) Landwehr and Justin Campo; a great-granddaughter, Gemma Rabine; nephews and nieces including Kim Lanham and Leah Powell.
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The agreement will allow for cooperation between the two companies who will work together on realising a possible interconnection point in the vicinity of Komotini, Greece.A This will enable new gas supplies to flow into the Bulgarian gas network and further into the South Eastern Europe region.aWe welcome this agreement with ICGB and see it as an opportunity to transport Caspian gas to Bulgaria, thus enhancing diversification of supply and improving security of supply in the country and in the wider South Eastern Europe Region,a Lutz Landwehr, Commercial Director of TAP, said in a statement.
Christy Landwehr, Certified Horsemanship Association
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"It's now prudent to control every source of mortality we can as we seek to understand causes of population decline said DNR Commissioner Torn Landwehr.