Lane, Fitz Hugh

Lane, Fitz Hugh,

1804–65, American painter and printmaker, b. Gloucester, Mass. A painter of ships and coastal panoramas, Lane is most notable as a leading figure in American luminismluminism
, American art movement of the 19th cent. Luminism was an outgrowth of the Hudson River school. In its concern for capturing the effects of light and atmosphere it is sometimes linked to impressionism. Its practitioners included Frederick E.
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. He illuminated his canvases with warm, glowing yellow and pink skies reflected in water. The resulting paintings project a shimmering density that expresses a profound serenity that is akin to transcendentalismtranscendentalism
[Lat.,=overpassing], in literature, philosophical and literary movement that flourished in New England from about 1836 to 1860. It originated among a small group of intellectuals who were reacting against the orthodoxy of Calvinism and the rationalism of the
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. Owl's Head, Penobscot Bay, Maine (1862; Mus. of Fine Arts, Boston) is a characteristic work.


See study by J. Wilmerding, ed. (1988).

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Lane, (Nathaniel Rogers) Fitz Hugh

(1804–65) painter, lithographer; born in Gloucester, Mass. Except for a brief foray to Boston, he spent most of his life in Gloucester. He began his career as a lithographer, a skill that influenced his later oil paintings. He influenced many other painters, such as Frederick Church, who admired his ability to record the clarity of light and sky. In the late 20th century he was rediscovered as a painter of seascapes; his Owl's Head, Penobscot Bay, Maine (1862) reveals his skill.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.