Langans, Martin Vilgelm

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Langans, Martin Vil’gel’m


(Martyn Rudol’fovich Langans). Born Oct. 10 (22), 1852, in Kherson; died Sept. 11 (23), 1883, in St. Petersburg. A revolutionary figure in Russia. A member of the Executive Committee of People’s Will. The son of a teacher who was a Prussian subject.

Langans studied at the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology (1871–72). He became involved in the revolutionary Narodnik (Populist) movement in 1871. In 1873–74 he was a member of the Chaikovskii circle and was in the Going to the People movement. In 1874 he was arrested. He was a defendant in the Trial of the 193 (1877–78) and was again arrested in the A. K. So-lov’ev case (1879). A member of the People’s Will from 1880, he helped organize the attempt of Mar. 1, 1881, on the life of Alexander II. On Apr. 21, 1881, he was arrested. He was sentenced to hard labor for life in the Trial of the 20 (1882). He died in the Aleksei ravelin of the Peter and Paul Fortress.


Zhukovskii-Zhuk, I. I. M. R. Langans. Moscow, 1930.
Troitskii, N. A. “Novoe o geroiakh-narodovol’tsakh.” Voprosy arkhivovedeniia, 1963, no. 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.