Lankester, Edwin Ray

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lankester, Edwin Ray


Born May 15, 1847, in London; died there Aug. 15, 1929. English zoologist and embryologist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1875).

Lankester became a professor at University College in London in 1874 and at Oxford University in 1890. He was director of the natural history department of the British Museum from 1898 to 1907. His principal works were on extinct fishes and the anatomy and embryology of annelids, mollusks, and arthropods. Lankester’s works on invertebrate taxonomy are especially well known. He divided (1877) phylum Helminthes into three distinct phyla (Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes, and Annelida). He proposed a system of the animal world in which the sponges are treated as an independent group.


“Notes on the Embryology and Classification of the Animal Kingdom.” Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 1877, vol. 17, pp. 359–454.
A Treatise on Zoology, parts 1–9. London, 1900–09. (Jointly with others.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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