Laparoscopy

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laparoscopy

[‚lap·ə′räs·kə·pē]
(medicine)
A method of visually examining the peritoneal cavity by means of a long slender endoscope equipped with sheath, obturator, biopsy forceps, a sphygmomanometer bulb and tubing, scissors, and a syringe; the endoscope is introduced into the peritoneal cavity through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Also known as peritoneoscopy.

Laparoscopy

 

the diagnostic examination of the abdominal cavity and its organs through a puncture of the abdominal wall with an optical instrument called a laparoscope; first performed in 1901 by the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist D. O. Otto.

The laparoscope consists of a trocar (a stylet with a sheath); an illumination and optical system; and attachments for taking a piece of tissue or organ, still and motion pictures, and X-ray contrasts of the biliary tract. The laparoscopy is performed with local anesthesia under aseptic conditions. The choice of site for the puncture depends on the region or organ being examined. A single puncture allows examination of the organs of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum within limits defined by the length of the optical system.

References in periodicals archive ?
As per our analysis, this is mainly due to the high cost of the laparoscopic simulators.
All the patients who underwent laparoscopic operation for symptomatic gallstone disease during this period were taken as subjects for study.
In 2016, North America is expected to account for the largest share of the global laparoscopic instruments market, followed by Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World.
Conclusion: Laparoscopic procedures are associated with an acceptably low frequency of port site hernia, provided that proper selection of patients is done and utmost care is taken to avoid the risk factors involved in the development of port site hernia.
The mean duration of surgery was 56 min in open group when compared with 76 min in laparoscopic group, which was statistically significant.
In this study, laparoscopic hepatectomy included malignant or benign primary hepatic tumors, metastatic hepatic carcinoma, and intrahepatic duct stones.
This time, she presented with adenocarcinoma of stomach, T3N0M0, Stage IIA, and underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy, D2 lymph nodes dissection, and further cholecystectomy 1 month later.
Laparoscopic nephrectomy was initially applied in 1990 by Clayman and colleagues for a patient with oncocytoma.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance--Results of this study indicated video game performance of third-year veterinary students was predictive of laparoscopic but not traditional surgical skills, suggesting that laparoscopic performance may be improved with video gaming experience.
The study included patients who had extra- or transperitoneal laparoscopic lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer staging at M.

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