Laparoscopy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

laparoscopy

[‚lap·ə′räs·kə·pē]
(medicine)
A method of visually examining the peritoneal cavity by means of a long slender endoscope equipped with sheath, obturator, biopsy forceps, a sphygmomanometer bulb and tubing, scissors, and a syringe; the endoscope is introduced into the peritoneal cavity through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Also known as peritoneoscopy.

Laparoscopy

 

the diagnostic examination of the abdominal cavity and its organs through a puncture of the abdominal wall with an optical instrument called a laparoscope; first performed in 1901 by the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist D. O. Otto.

The laparoscope consists of a trocar (a stylet with a sheath); an illumination and optical system; and attachments for taking a piece of tissue or organ, still and motion pictures, and X-ray contrasts of the biliary tract. The laparoscopy is performed with local anesthesia under aseptic conditions. The choice of site for the puncture depends on the region or organ being examined. A single puncture allows examination of the organs of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum within limits defined by the length of the optical system.

References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 3: (a) Diagnostic laparoscopy. Left internal inguinal ring without palpation of the ipsilateral hemiscrotum.
The laparoscopy was then performed, and we noted ectopic pregnancy with massive blood and blood clots in the abdominal cavity (about 800 ml) and fetal pole in the cul-de-sac attached to rectal serosa [Figure 1] and [Figure 2].
Another advantage of laparoscopy is the reduced infection rate because delicate tissues do not get exposed to air during the surgery.
For example, 31 percent of patients had ovarian cancer in the study done by Zivanovic, et al (13) on traditional laparoscopy, compared to just 3.9 percent of patients in the study done by Rindos, et al (9) on the robotic approach.
"Through modern technology in laparoscopy the surgeon needs to makes only a small hole in the abdomen." -ahmedshaaban@khaleejtimes.com
Sunita Tandulwadkar, a leading expert in the areas of laparoscopy, infertility and gynecological endoscopy, has been offering specialized services in the field of women's health.
He said that since long, a variety of training programmes and models in gynaecological laparoscopy have been developed.
He said laparoscopy allows the patient to heal and get better quicker, causes less complications such as bleeding, infection and scarring.
There were three conversions to transperitoneal laparoscopy and three to laparoscopy in the extraperitoneal group (8.8%).
Laparoscopy facilities are still not available in all veterinary practices but since having the facilities for laparoscopy available at the Maple Street veterinary hospital we have seen a rapid transition towards its use as a diagnostic tool as well as being used for routine neutering surgery.
The objective of the study was to find out the changing trends in indications for use of laparoscopy for diagnostic or operative procedures in gynaecology.
Fifty-one patients were managed with laparoscopy, and the mean stone size was 13.3 mm (±2.06).