Lapua Movement


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Lapua Movement

 

a fascist movement in Finland from 1929 to 1932.

The Lapua movement took its name from the village of Lapua, where a meeting of working youth was raided by Skyddskår adherents in November 1929. The organizers of the Lapua movement were the National Coalition Party and the right wing of the Agrarian Union. Its social base was the well-to-do farmers and a segment of the urban petite bourgeoisie. Under the banner of “destroying Communism,” the movement had as its aim the suppression of working class upsurges. It fanned anti-Soviet attitudes and chauvinist hatred for Finland’s national minorities. Armed Lapua bands organized pogroms and committed murders. They kidnapped participants in the workers’ movement. The Lapua movement’s supporters attempted to stage an armed uprising in the city of Mäntsälä in February 1932. The government prohibited the movement in March 1932.

References in periodicals archive ?
The activists of the so-called Lapua movement smashed up communist presses, kidnapped leading figures and drove them to the Soviet border, and put great pressure on the government to pass legislation banning all communist activity in the country.
The anti-Communist purges continued throughout the 1920s, and, through the efforts of the Lapua movement, the Finnish communists were outlawed by the Finnish parliament in 1930.
18) This opposition and the fact that all legal leftist activities in Finland were prohibited during the extreme rightist Lapua movement in 1930 made many trade unionists transfer to the Social Democratic Party.
After two such strong generations, which were temporally close to each other, and after the break caused by the extremist right wing Lapua movement at the beginning of 1930s, the next generation of Finnish communism emerged only in 1936-7.