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common name for some members of the family Charadriidae, which includes the ploversplover
, common name for some members of the large family Charadriidae, shore birds, small to medium in size, found in ice-free lands all over the world. Plovers are plumpish wading birds with pigeonlike bills and strong markings of black or brown above with white below.
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. Lapwings are almost all inland or upland birds, found in all temperate and tropical regions except North America. The lapwing of Eurasia (Vanellus vanellus), also called the green plover or pewit, is a noisy and conspicuous bird distinguished by a strikingly upcurved, slender crest. Its back is an iridescent deep green, the crown and crest greenish black, the throat and upper breast black, the underparts white, and the tail coverts fawn. The lapwing has been much exploited in Europe for its flesh and eggs but is now protected by law. The name derives from the irregular lag of its wingbeats in flight. The "blacksmith" group of lapwings of Africa, with sharp spurs on the bend of the wings, are named for the metallic ring of their cries. Other lapwings of Africa, S Asia, and Malaya have prominent red or yellow wattles at the base of the bill, such as in the red-wattled lapwing, Lobivanellus indica. Lapwings nest on the ground in scooped-out shallow depressions lined with shells, pebbles, or vegetation; both sexes incubate and care for the young. Lapwings are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Charadriidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Vanellus vanellus), also green plover or pewit, a bird of the family Chardriidae of the suborder Limicolae. The body measures 30 cm in length, and the weight is approximately 200 g. The upper parts and breast are greenish, with a purple sheen. The lapwing is distributed in Europe and Asia. In the USSR it is found from the western border to Primor’e Krai; in Siberia it occurs only in the south. In the winter it is commonly found in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. Lapwings nest in grassy marshes, pasturelands, or fields. The clutch contains four eggs, which are incubated primarily by the female for 27 to 29 days. The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates, as well as seeds.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


any of several plovers of the genus Vanellus, esp V. vanellus, typically having a crested head, wattles, and spurs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The benefits of living on urban versus rural territories for lapwings are emerging, but it is unknown whether 1) territories are multiple use, in the sense they are maintained during the non-breeding period, and 2) whether occupancy varies between habitats.
"I could have taken you to any one of about twenty pairs of lapwings within a walk of my house, now there's not a single pair left."
There is a more familiar "peasweep" of course, the lapwing. However, this too is a bird that is in some distress.
Some amazing shots by Hina Rizvi, a teacher, included flying red-wattled lapwing, a long-legged buzzard and pied kingfishers.
In 2010 Alun won the Wales Nature and Farming Award for his work with the RSPB to save the lapwing population on the farm, increasing the number of pairs from two to 25 at the time of the award.
Lapwing are a firm focus for the trust as they were once a common farmland bird.
Lapwings, Loons and Lousy Jacks uncovers the stories behind the incredible diversity of bird names, explains what many scientific names actually mean and takes a look at the history of the system by which we name birds.
The lapwing Vanellus vanellus, belonging to the family of plovers, sports a distinctive spiky crest and is easily recognisable from afar by its predominant black and white plumage but upon closer inspection its upper parts are of a purple greenish metallic gloss.
All four species suffered sharp drops in numbers compared with spring 2010, with populations tumbling by 40% for snipe and by almost a fifth for oystercatchers and lapwings.
RSPB Cymru conservation officer Dave Elliott, who has been studying the birds' plight in the Cerrigydrudion and Ysbyty Ifan areas of Conwy, and Denbigh Moors, said: "Curlews and lapwings have had it really bad.
The group is concerned about the welfare of breeding wading birds such as lapwing, redshank and curlew.
The SDLP MLA said land within the high-security jail "supports one of Northern Ireland's most important populations of breeding lapwing".