larceny

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larceny,

in law, the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another, with intent to deprive the owner of its use or to appropriate it to the use of the perpetrator or of someone else. It is usually distinguished from embezzlementembezzlement,
wrongful use, for one's own selfish ends, of the property of another when that property has been legally entrusted to one. Such an act was not larceny at common law because larceny was committed only when property was acquired by a "felonious taking," i.e.
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 and false pretenses in that the actual taking of the property is accomplished unlawfully and without the victim's consent (see robberyrobbery,
in law, felonious taking of property from a person against his will by threatening or committing force or violence. The injury or threat may be directed against the person robbed, his property, or the person or property of his relative or of anyone in his presence at
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); along with the taking there must be a carrying-off. It is also distinguished from burglaryburglary,
at common law, the breaking and entering of a dwelling house of another at night with the intent to commit a felony, whether the intent is carried out or not. This definition has been generally adopted with some modifications in the criminal law of the various states
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 in that the theft does not necessarily involve unlawful breaking and entering. Statutes in some states of the United States enlarge the scope of larceny to include embezzlement and false pretenses. Grand larceny, usually a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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, is distinguished from petty larceny, usually a misdemeanormisdemeanor,
in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felony. At common law a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a grave offense, it did not affect the feudal bond or take away the offender's property. By the 19th cent.
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, by the value of the property stolen.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Of all property crimes in 2012, larceny-theft accounted for 68.5 percent.
Of the city groups, this population group also reported the biggest decrease in the offenses that comprise property crime: a 21.1 percent drop in motor vehicle theft, a 5.7 percent decline in burglary, and a 5.5 percent decrease in larceny-theft. In the nation's nonmetropolitan counties, larceny-thefts fell 9.5 percent; in metropolitan counties, larceny-thefts declined 5.9 percent.
* In 2012, there were an estimated 6,150,598 larceny-thefts nationwide.
Larceny-thefts went down 0.6 percent, and motor vehicle thefts declined 13.1 percent.
Larceny-thefts rose 2.9 percent in the Northeast and 0.5 percent in the South.
* The FBI estimates the breakdowns for robbery, burglary, and larceny-theft by first calculating the proportion of the total offenses represented by the breakdowns as presented in Table 23 and applying those percentages to the estimated offense total as presented in Table 1.
Motor vehicle thefts decreased 8.1 percent, larceny-thefts dropped 0.6 percent, and burglaries fell 0.2 percent.
* Larceny-theft (percent distribution and average dollar value by larceny type).
All of the property crime offense categories (burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft) decreased in the first 6 months of 2007 when compared with data for the same 6-month period in 2006.
Arson and larceny-theft increased 2 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively.
* Arrests of persons for larceny-theft increased 1.2 percent in 2012 when compared with data for 2008.