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see Paleolithic artPaleolithic art
, art produce during the Paleolithic period. Present study and knowledge of this art has been largely confined to works discovered at more than 150 sites in W Europe, particularly to the magnificent cave paintings in N Spain and the Dordogne valley of SW France.
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a Paleolithic cave near the city of Montignac in southern France (Dordogne Department). It was discovered in 1940 and investigated by the French scientist and scholar H. Breuil and others. Engravings and paintings (monochrome and polychrome) of wild horses, prehistoric oxen, deer, mountain goats, bisons, and other animals were found on the walls of the cave. The representations are distinguished by their realism. Particularly unique is the representation of a man with a bird’s head, lying in front of a bison, possibly slain by it. Radiocarbon dating dates the works in the cave to 15,000 B.C. (middle Magdalenian period of the Upper Paleolithic).


Abramova, Z. A. “Liasko—pamiatnik paleoliticheskogo naskal’nogo is-kusstva.” In the collection Pervobytnoe iskusstvo. Novosibirsk, 1971.
Breuil, H. Quatre Cents Siècles d’art pariétal. Montignac, 1952.
Laming, A. Lascaux. Dresden, 1959.



the site of a cave in SW France, in the Dordogne: contains Palaeolithic wall drawings and paintings