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see Paleolithic artPaleolithic art
, art produced during the Paleolithic period. Study and knowledge of this art largely have been confined to works discovered at many sites in W Europe, where the most magnificent surviving examples are paintings in a number of caves in N Spain and S France, but
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Paleolithic cave near the city of Montignac in southern France (Dordogne Department). It was discovered in 1940 and investigated by the French scientist and scholar H. Breuil and others. Engravings and paintings (monochrome and polychrome) of wild horses, prehistoric oxen, deer, mountain goats, bisons, and other animals were found on the walls of the cave. The representations are distinguished by their realism. Particularly unique is the representation of a man with a bird’s head, lying in front of a bison, possibly slain by it. Radiocarbon dating dates the works in the cave to 15,000 B.C. (middle Magdalenian period of the Upper Paleolithic).


Abramova, Z. A. “Liasko—pamiatnik paleoliticheskogo naskal’nogo is-kusstva.” In the collection Pervobytnoe iskusstvo. Novosibirsk, 1971.
Breuil, H. Quatre Cents Siècles d’art pariétal. Montignac, 1952.
Laming, A. Lascaux. Dresden, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


the site of a cave in SW France, in the Dordogne: contains Palaeolithic wall drawings and paintings
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The rituals that presumably took place in the Lascaux caves formed the earliest attempts to manage this risk.
The paintings in the Lascaux Cave were discovered accidentally by four French boys in 1940.
You can pay a virtual visit to the Lascaux cave at:
In an early scene in Plowing the Dark, Richard Powers's seventh and most recent novel, a virtual-reality researcher at a Puget Sound digital laboratory describes the Lascaux cave paintings as the first VR.
Westover's art history teacher gave a slide lecture on the environment and landscape in art discussing the Lascaux cave paintings, medieval manuscripts, French Impressionism, and the work of Christo and Jeanne-Claude.
The rock paintings in the Lascaux Cave complex and at other sites in France, Spain, Italy and elsewhere in Europe may be better known, but North America is not without its own rich heritage of such prehistoric art works.
Barber has examined a small Gravettian "Venus" figure carved from bone more than 20,000 years ago, found near the area and the time of the famous Lascaux cave paintings.
It has been suggested that the distinctive 7,000-year-old cattle drawings in the ancient Lascaux cave dwellings near Montignac, France, identify the Limousin as one of the most direct descendants of the original prehistoric cattle, Bos primogenesis.
For Henry, art was a series of controlled experiments at specific sites, and his work seems to pay homage to art and literary history's long tradition of attempting to respond to the nuances of a given space, beginning with the Lascaux cave paintings--a reference heightened by the dramatic lighting of the grand, cavernous factory, especially when one visited the show at night.
It's very much Spain's equivalent of the Lascaux cave in France's Dordogne region, where a labyrinth of extraordinary prehistoric paintings was discovered, but subsequently overrun with visitors and closed for preservation, with a replica built next door.
If you like, you could show your students the virtual tour online of the Lascaux cave paintings.