Last Judgment


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judgment

judgment, decision of a court of law respecting the issues before it. The term ordinarily is not applied to the decree (order) of courts of equity. The outstanding characteristic of a legal judgment, in contrast to an equitable decree, is its finality and fixity; thus, except for error justifying an appeal, the judgment may not be reconsidered (see jeopardy). The judgment, which in most cases of consequence follows the verdict of a jury, is the determination of the judge that the defendant is guilty or innocent of the alleged offense. If the judgment is one of criminal guilt, the court proceeds to impose sentence. In civil cases, when judgment is for the plaintiff, the court usually awards a sum as damages. The damages thereupon constitute a debt that takes priority over all other obligations of the defendant except taxes and previous judgments. If the debtor fails to pay, the sheriff, to execute the judgment, will seize and sell first his personal property and then his realty. The sheriff may also garnish monies owed to the defendant, e.g., his wages (see garnishment). Certain property of the debtor is exempt from seizure, including clothing, equipment needed to carry on his trade or profession, and the family homestead. In some jurisdictions a defendant who willfully refuses to pay a judgment may be punished for contempt of court. A judgment rendered by the courts of one state is entitled to recognition by the courts of all other states.

Judgment Day

Judgment Day or Doomsday, central point of early Christian, Jewish, and Islamic eschatology, sometimes called the Day of the Lord. References to it throughout the Bible are numerous. The Christian belief in the Last Judgment asserts that this world will end, the dead will be raised up in the general resurrection, and God, or his agent, will gloriously come to judge the living and the dead. The sinners shall be cast into hell, and the righteous shall live in heaven. These concepts are also common themes in early Jewish apocalyptic speculation. No generally accepted Christian teaching pronounces when Judgment Day shall occur, but many individuals have prophesied its date. Doomsday believers are called chiliasts, millenarians, or, specifically, Adventists. See also Antichrist; Armageddon; millennium; apocalypse. The Last Judgment also figures in the Qur'an.
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Last Judgment

the. the occasion, after the resurrection of the dead at the end of the world, when, according to biblical tradition, God will decree the final destinies of all men according to the good and evil in their earthly lives
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A Vision of the Last Judgment, 1808, William Blake, pencil, pen and watercolour on paper, 50.3 x 40cm.
1548), in agreement with Alberti, provides a relevant comment on the passions represented in paintings: "Painting distinguishes the effects of love; it exposes the falseness of false admiration, the fire of hatred, the palpability of strength, the weariness of effort, the fearsomeness of fear." (11) Likewise Vasari's extended commentary on The Last Judgment refers to the three relevant notions of the imitation of nature, the expression of passions (as well as "expressions," "attitudes," and "thoughts"), and the "terrible force of art" in its marvelous effect on the viewer:
By contrast, two Jewish survivors consciously address Last Judgment training in the acceptability of hell.
Christofides (Huddersfield U., Britain) analyzes the role of the Apocalypse--Doom, the Last Judgment, Judgment Day, and so on--in Shakespeare's quartet of tragedies.
Malachy supposedly predicted that the Church would suffer persecution under the next Pope and, afterwards, Rome would be destroyed and the Last Judgment would commence.
Part III, "Performativity and Interpretation" includes: Genevieve Warwick, "Allegories of Eros: Caravaggio's Masque" (137-56); Peter Gillgren, "Una Dolcissima Estasi: Performing The Visitation by Federico Barocci" (157-78); Margaretha Rossholm Lagerlof, "The Apparition of Faith: The Performative Meaning of Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Decoration for the Cornaro Chapel" (179-200); Giovanni Careri, "Performativity in Michelangelo's Last Judgment" (201-18).
Spires founder, composer and conductor Colin Touchin, will write the music, but the words for the choral part of the work will be drawn from poems written by the young people as a reflection on the Doom painting of the Last Judgment.
It's appropriate for a cathedral venue too, of course, the drum roll of the Last Judgment having more electricity here than in your average concert hall.
Brett Salkeld, Can Catholics and Evangelicals Agree about Purgatory and the Last Judgment? New York and Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2011.
Legend has it St Patrick went there to fast for 40 days and did a deal with God so he would be allowed to judge the Irish people at the Last Judgment. On the other hand it is also the place where St Pat saw the devil and banished the snakes.
John-Paul Himka, Last Judgment Iconography in the Carpathians.