Malleolus

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Related to Lateral malleolus: Medial malleolus

malleolus

[mə′lē·ə·ləs]
(anatomy)
A projection on the distal end of the tibia and fibula at the ankle.

Malleolus

 

the peripheral process at which terminate the inner surface of the distal (that is, from the trunk) epiphysis of the tibia (the inner malleolus) and the lower, thickened end of the fibula (the outer malleolus). Both malleoli have flat articular surfaces and hold the articular surface (trochlea) of the talus in a fork.

References in periodicals archive ?
From August 2012 to February 2015, we performed sinus tarsi rotational flap closure as a treatment for chronic open infective lateral malleolus bursitis in eight patients.
After a period of intensive training, without specific trauma, she noticed increasing pain deep in the ankle, under the lateral malleolus. She had been treated with taping and had a thorough analysis where it was found that "there is something wrong" in the subtalar joint, for which she wore a cast for 4 weeks.
This type of motion also carries the lateral malleolus posteriorly, through reciprocal action the fibula head glides anteriorly and superiorly.
* Figure 6's/subtalar slings x 2 (Figure 2D and 2E): one sling was applied to the plantar surface of the foot, passing laterally and diagonally around the lateral malleolus at an approximate 45[degrees] angle, before attaching medially to the superior anchor (Sacco et al., 2006; Wilkerson, 1991).
These include suggestive of operation in isolated fractures of the lateral malleolus, the operative techniques used for syndesmotic injury and the subsequent postoperative management, and the trustworthiness of radiographic assessment of ankle fractures.
He also complained of a warty slow growing lesion over the right lateral malleolus for 1year, preceded by a penetrating injury.
These vessels typically are located in the posterior crural septum, starting at a point 5 cm above the tip of the lateral malleolus and extending proximally for a distance of approximately 13 cm above the lateral malleolus12-14.The reverse sural artery fasciocutaneous flap should be designed to incorporate at least one audible perforator in an effort to maximize local blood flow15.
The propeller flap case series Case no., age Time to Defect (years)/gender surgery (days) Location size (cm) 1, 25/M 9 Lateral malleolus 4 x 5 2, 32/F 3 Lower tibia 6 x 5 3, 26/M 7 Lateral malleolus 3 x 4 4, 19/M 34 Medial malleolus 5 x 3 5, 36/M 22 Middle tibia 8 x 5 6, 23/M 5 Lateral malleolus 5 x 3 7, 41/M 11 Lower tibia 4 x 3 Case no., age Follow-up (years)/gender Source vessel (months) 1, 25/M Peroneal 1 2, 32/F Posterior tibial 4 3, 26/M Peroneal 2 4, 19/M Posterior tibial 1 5, 36/M Posterior tibial 2 6, 23/M Peroneal 1 7, 41/M Posterior tibial 1 Case no., age (years)/gender Complications 1, 25/M Nil 2, 32/F Partial distal necrosis 3, 26/M Nil 4, 19/M Nil 5, 36/M Nil 6, 23/M Cellulitis 7, 41/M Nil M = male; F = female.
Her dermatological examination consisted of purple-pink multiple papules on the right lateral malleolus and a 5 x 6 cm pink-purple plaque on the anterior surface of the left leg.
Eight passive markers were placed at the following positions: (1) on the right greater trochanter; (2) left greater trochanter; (3) right femoral condyle; (4) left femoral condyle; (5) right lateral malleolus; (6) left lateral malleolus; (7) point between the head of the second and third metatarsal (right side); and (8) point between the head of the second and third metatarsal (left side).

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