The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in 11th-century Russian sources, let’gola and lotygola), an Old Latvian ethnic group from whom comes the name of the whole Latvian people (latvieši, Russian latyshi).

The Latgals inhabited the eastern part of modern Latvia along the right bank of the Daugava. Their neighbors to the west were the Livs, to the south were the Selonians and Zemgalians, to the east the Krivichi, and to the north the Estonians. An early feudal elite appeared among the Latgals in the tenth through 12th centuries. Beginning with the early feudal period, the Latgals spread into the territory of the Livs.


Istoriia Latviiskoi SSR, 2nd ed. Riga, 1971.
Mugurēvičs, E. S. Vostochnaia Latviia i sosednie zemli ν X-XIII vv. Riga, 1965. (Translated from Latvian.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a result of the invasion of the German crusaders in the 13th -14th centuries, the lands of Latgalians (Latgals) were divided between the Livonian Order and the Archbishopric of Riga.
1908 was a significant year, as it was the time when the newspaper Rigas Apskats published the article On the Accession of Latgale to the Baltic States (Par Latgales pievienosanu Baltijai) which discussed to which state Latgale should have been joined.
Adolfs Erss, who published a short story No burvju kausa in 1914, wrote a lot about Latgale; he depicted Latgale in a lot of his works: Latgales stasti (1926), Veca Latgale (1931), Muiznieki (1931), Krusts celmala (1938), and others.