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Related to Latins: Sabines, Roman Republic, Gauls, tribune


in ancient times, inhabitants of Latium, particularly of the great plain of Latium. The Latins established themselves in many small settlements. Gradually increasing in size, these settlements were joined in religious confederations that later took on political significance. Rome early took a dominant place among the cities of Latium and Roman hegemony was definitely established by 338 B.C.; the smaller states were absorbed and the larger states made subject allies by Rome. The Latins, however, continued to have a special status, and in theory the social and political equality of the Latins continued. There was some rebellion, especially late in the 2d cent. B.C., but generally the Latins remained loyal to Rome. They were admitted to Roman citizenship in 90 B.C. at the time of the Social War.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



ancient Italic tribes that inhabited Latium (present-day Lazio).

Evidently the Latins, like other tribes of Indo-European origin, were newcomers to Italy. The time of the Latins’ arrival and the routes of their migration are still uncertain. The Latin archaeological culture, a variant of the Villanovan culture, is represented by burials in the Alban Hills, Lavinium, and other parts of Latium, and by the remains of settlements. Classical tradition and archaeological materials depict the Latin tribes as agricultural and, to an even greater degree, pastoral, living in clan settlements and retaining features of the primitive communal system but with clear signs that this system was disintegrating. The religion of the Latins was characterized by magic rituals and cults of farming and herding. The Latins were strongly influenced by the Etruscan culture. The Latins and the Sabine tribes were the founders of Rome (in 754–752 B.C., according to tradition).

In the beginning of the first millennium B.C., the Latins united in the Latin League headed by Alba Longa. With Rome’s ascendancy, power over the communes of Latium passed to Rome (in the sixth century B.C.).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
She was allowed to be in the study while he had his lessons, and in her various readings got very deep into the examples in the Latin Grammar.
Stelling so many questions about the Roman Empire, and whether there really ever was a man who said, in Latin, "I would not buy it for a farthing or a rotten nut," or whether that had only been turned into Latin, that Tom had actually come to a dim understanding of the fact that there had once been people upon the earth who were so fortunate as to know Latin without learning it through the medium of the Eton Grammar.
But it was worth purchasing, even at the heavy price of the Latin Grammar, the happiness of seeing the bright light in the parlor at home, as the gig passed noiselessly over the snow-covered bridge; the happiness of passing from the cold air to the warmth and the kisses and the smiles of that familiar hearth, where the pattern of the rug and the grate and the fire-irons were "first ideas" that it was no more possible to criticise than the solidity and extension of matter.
"What in hell has Latin to do with it?" he demanded before his mirror that night.
From the social arrangements imposed by Venice on the colony's ethnically mixed population, where a very small Latin minority dominated the far more numerous Greeks, to the everyday business of trade carried on by Latins, Greeks, and Jews, the history of Venetian Crete defines in a way few other fields can what was politically possible and culturally conceivable in the fourteenth-century European Mediterranean.
Meanwhile, many banks were also profiting from helping wealthy Latins spirit capital flight dollars overseas into American bank accounts.
Driven by ambition, economies, artistic curiosity, and a desire to pack as much dancing into their lives as they can, they're ballet's new Latins, and like Russians in the 1970s, they've seized the international spotlight.
The Latins are powerful technicians, trained to move cleanly.
Struggling with cost-cutting imposed by insurance companies and health maintenance organizations, hospitals target well-to-do Latins, who often pay cash for services, with slick marketing campaigns and high-tech outreach programs.
* Many Latins with complex medical conditions seek out facilities with advanced diagnostic or treatment technologies that are not readily available in their home countries.
Cutting-edge mobile phone services Like satellite tracking of a cellular phone user or watching movie previews and soccer highlights on the very small screen has already begun to pop up in some parts of Latin America.
Now we have a new phenomenon in ballet--a profusion of exciting Latin dancers.