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Archaic made of laurel
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a person who has been accorded a state or international prize or has won a competition in the arts.

The term “laureate” originated in ancient Greece, where the winners of various competitions were rewarded with wreaths of honor made of laurel branches. The same custom existed in ancient Rome. In the Middle Ages, the term “laureate” was used with the same meaning in many Western European countries— for example, the Italian poet Petrarch was accorded the title in 1341 by the Roman Senate and the University of Paris. The custom of rewarding winners with a laurel wreath still exists.

In the USSR, the title of laureate is conferred on recipients of the Lenin Prize, the State Prize of the USSR, or the state prize of a Union republic and on winners of all-Union or republic competitions among musicians, actors, writers, or athletes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The final section is informative about the actual practice of laureation, diplomas, and the involvement of patrons.
Maura Nolan's review essay, "The New Fifteenth Century: Humanism, Heresy, and Laureation," examines recent critical work on the century that lies between the "apex" (read Chaucerian) period of medieval literary studies in England during the fourteenth century and the so-called renaissance of sixteenth-century England.
Delivering Mrs Tomlinson's laureation address, Mary Wells, a researcher at the university, said:``Jane Tomlinson is somebody who possesses extraordinary courage, somebody who has achieved extraordinary things in an extraordinary situation, and somebody who has inspired thousands of other people to fulfil their potential and to believe that everything and anything is possible.
No official English laureate was designated until 1668, when John Dryden was appointed to the post, but the idea of laureation was central to the poetic self-conceptions of figures like Lydgate throughout the fifteenth century and into the sixteenth.
But laureation is more complex than this ideal suggests.