Lauretta Bender


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Bender, Lauretta

(1897–1987) psychiatrist; born in Butte, Mont. She received her M.D. from the State University of Iowa in 1926. She was a senior psychiatrist at New York City's Bellevue Hospital (1930–56) and did important research in childhood schizophrenia and brain injury and devised the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test. In 1936 she married her colleague Paul F. Schilder, a highly regarded psychoanalyst who had practiced in Vienna. From 1956 she was principal research scientist at three major New York State mental health facilities. Her four-volume Bellevue Studies series (1952–55) was a major contribution to the literature on child psychology.
References in periodicals archive ?
Between 1932 and 1938, based on the principles of Gestalt theory, Lauretta Bender developed a method called the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test, which consists of Gestalt figures individuals are supposed to reproduce and is intended to assess the neurological maturation of children with typical and atypical development.
Desde que Lauretta Bender creo el Test Gestaltico Visomotor de Bender--TGB--(Bender, 1938) y publicara un manual anos despues (en 1946), este continuo como una de las medidas mas populares y utilizadas por profesionales de las salud mental (Archer & Newsom, 2000; Piotrowski, 1995; Sullivan & Bowden, 1997).
In the early 1940s, Leo Kanner at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore, Lauretta Bender at Bellevue Hospital in New York, and other pioneers in child psychiatry documented the constellation of symptoms we now call ASD, or Autism Spectrum Disorder.