A cosmic cauldron of erupting earthquakes, vitrifying volcanoes, gargantuan glaciers, livid lava lakes
and fierce floods formed the rugged rocks we see today.
The volcano too Expedition Volcano BBC2, 9pm In Congo, not only are there active volcanoes, there are lava lakes
that are surrounded by armed gangs.
exposed directly to space would create local hot spots of high temperatures.
The stone structures were spotted using Google Earth and were built around now-extinct lava lakes
, and could date back as much as 9,000 years.
There is a breach on the west side of the crater where basaltic lava poured out over a vast area of 24 square miles, which contains lava lakes
, collapsed lava tubes and sinks, spatter cones and massive flows of basalt.
Photographer Bradley Ambrose said: "Geoff made the first descent and became the first person to ever make the full descent to the lava lakes
Only a few volcanoes, like Erebus, have lava lakes
that have been open to the sky for decades, making them prime spots for the study of volcano behavior.
See white, green and black sand beaches, giant craters, frozen lava lakes
, lava sputtering volcanoes, stunning waterfalls, and ancient rock art sites.
There are only five active lava lakes
on Earth, and none is more accessible than Nyiragongo.'
"Since the surface of active lava lakes
, such as those on Hawaii, can have crustal activity like spreading centers do, it's conceivable that lava coils may form there in a similar way, but at a smaller scale."
Volcanic plumes rise hundreds of kilometers from the surface of Enceladus, lava lakes
up to 200 kilometers (120 miles) across are bubbling away on Io, and Mars's Olympus Mons rises nearly three times higher than Mount Everest.
Now, as part of the plate rips apart, a dramatic display of lava lakes
and earthquakes appears.