Laval, Carl Gustaf Patrik de

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Laval, Carl Gustaf Patrik de

 

Born Sept. 5, 1845, in Orsa; died Feb. 2, 1913, in Stockholm; Swedish engineer and inventor (of French origin).

Laval graduated from a technological institute and the University of Uppsala (1872). In 1878 he designed a continuous-operation centrifugal cream separator. In 1889 he built an impulse steam turbine. Laval was the first to use a divergentnozzle, flexibler-shaft, equal-resistance turbine disk, facilitating the attainment of very high tip speeds (419 m per sec). His turbines made provisions for many new components, some of which are used in turbine-building today. Laval developed a theory of nozzles. Because of a number of design deficiencies and comparatively low output, Laval’s turbines were not widely accepted; however they played an important part in the development of turbine design.

REFERENCES

Ganitskii, I. “K. G. P. de Laval kak konstruktor i izobretatel’.” Vestnik obshchestva tekhnologov, 1913, no. 14.
Radtsig, A. A. Istoriia teplotekhniki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.