Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran

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Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse

(shärl lwē älfôNs` lävəräN`), 1845–1922, French physician. While an army surgeon in Algiers he discovered (1880) the parasite that causes malariamalaria,
infectious parasitic disease that can be either acute or chronic and is frequently recurrent. Malaria is common in Africa, Central and South America, the Mediterranean countries, Asia, and many of the Pacific islands.
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 and wrote many treatises on the subject. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on protozoa in the causation of disease.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse


Born June 18, 1845, in Paris; died there May 18, 1922. French physician, microbiologist, and epidemiologist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1901) and the French Medical Academy (1893).

Laveran completed his medical studies in Strasbourg in 1867. From 1897 until the end of his life he was affiliated with the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where in 1907 he organized (and later directed) a tropical diseases laboratory. In 1880 he discovered the causative agent of malaria.

Laveran’s main works include the study of malaria and its treatment and the investigation of leishmaniasis, tripanosom-iases, and spirillosis. He founded the French Society of Exotic Pathology in 1908 and was an honorary member of many foreign medical societies, including those of St. Petersburg and Batumi. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907.


In Russian translation:
Uchenie o voiskovykh bolezniakh i epidemiiakh. St. Petersburg, 1877.
Voennaia gigiena, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1900.
Paliudizm (Bolotnaia likhoradka). St. Petersburg, 1901.


Kushev, N. E. “50-letie so dnia otkrytiia Laveranom parazita maliarii.” Vrachebnaia gazeta, 1930, nos. 13–14.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.