Law of Obligations

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Law of Obligations


the norms of civil law that regulate relationships in transferring property from one participant in economic circulation to another, for example, through sales, loans, or independent-work contracts. In the USSR the law of obligations regulates the planned distribution of commodities for technical industrial use among socialist organizations, capital construction, the introduction of technological advances, the sale of consumer goods, the performance of work or public services, and relationships arising from citizens disposition of property belonging to them by right of personal ownership. The law of obligations also regulates relationships arising from wrongful acts, for example, a person who violates another’s right must compensate the victim for the damage caused.

The law of obligations as a body of legal norms is part of the Basic Principles of Civil Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics and is incorporated in the civil codes of the republics. The Basic Principles contain norms defining the creation of obligations, the performance of obligations, the securing of the performance of obligations, liability for breach of obligations, and the termination of obligations. The civil codes also regulate individual types of obligations, such as delivery contracts, state purchases of agricultural products from kolkhozes and sovkhozes, the lease of property, shipment, insurance, payment and credit relationships, agency, commission contracts, and deposit.

The norms of the law of obligations are also contained in all-Union and republic normative acts, for example, the Statute on Deliveries of Commodities for Technical Industrial Use, the Statute on Deliveries of Consumer Goods, and various transportation codes (railroad, maritime, river, and air), which regulate in detail contracts for the shipment of freight and conveyance of passengers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From the July 2014 Conference on the Law of Obligations, held in Hong Kong, 16 papers discuss divergences in private law.
Many textbooks for teaching the Louisiana civil law of obligations
From there, I moved to the University of Nottingham as a lecturer in the Law of Obligations in 2003 and I remained there till December 2011, when I moved to Lagos.
According to the general principles of the law of obligations, a contractual relationship is null and void, from which one party (in this case the citizen) can only come out with the fulfillment of a number of conditions, which are subsequently added, some of which are practically impossible because they depend on the will of third parties and which imply additional financial obligations of just one side.
The law of obligations in Europe; a new wave of codifications.
The "Borclar Kanunu" (Law of Obligations) clearly states this is only the case if your rental contract does not state anything else.
His research interests include law of obligations, trusts, succession, auctions and consumer protection.
This statement is welcome in the textbook of goods despite the fact that some authors consider that it should be placed in the law of obligations. From this point of view the Code followed on the special manuals and courses as well.
Replying to questions of AA correspondent, EU Minister and Chief Negotiator Egemen Bagis said that Turkey could not record a great progress on opening of chapters due to political obstacles in the EU accession process, but it took important steps on some important issues such as law of obligations, Turkish commercial code, environment, agriculture and food security in 2011.