Law of the Three Stages
Law of the Three Stagesa proposed historical sociological law formulated by COMTE in which knowledge and the general form of society is seen as moving through three stages:
- knowledge permeated by ‘Theological’ conceptions and a society dominated by priests and by monarchy;
- ‘Metaphysical’ speculative knowledge, associated with a ‘negative’ era of social criticism and political upheaval and revolution;
- the modern era of Positive’ scientific knowledge (see POSITIVISM) in which Comte expected that social reorganization guided by scientific knowledge would occur, and including the application of a scientific sociology
Sociologists do not disagree with Comte that a growth in the importance of scientific knowledge is an important general feature of modern societies. There is much disagreement, however, over how far it is appropriate to regard sociology as an ‘applied science’ on a par with the natural sciences. Whether or not they accept the goal of scientific laws in sociology, there is general agreement that Comte's formulation of the Law of Three Stages lacks the precision (or perhaps even the correct testable or falsifiable form – see HISTORICISM) to gain acceptance as a truly lawlike statement.