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1 City (1990 pop. 26,763), Marion co., central Ind., a residential suburb of Indianapolis, on the West Fork of the White River. It has light manufacturing.

2 City (1990 pop. 65,608), seat of Douglas co., NE Kans., on the Kansas River; inc. 1858. Although agricultural trade is economically important, the city's major employer is the Univ. of Kansas. There is also commercial printing and the manufacture of medical, construction, and communications equipment; feeds; fertilizers; chemicals; textiles; asphalt; and paper products. Lawrence was founded in 1854 by the New England Emigrant Aid CompanyEmigrant Aid Company,
organization formed in 1854 to promote organized antislavery immigration to the Kansas territory from the Northeast. Eli Thayer conceived the plan as early as Feb.
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. The political center of the free-staters, it was actually, though not legally, capital for a short time after 1857. Lawrence was an important stop on the Underground RailroadUnderground Railroad,
in U.S. history, loosely organized system for helping fugitive slaves escape to Canada or to areas of safety in free states. It was run by local groups of Northern abolitionists, both white and free blacks.
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 and the base for many Abolitionist organizations. In 1856 a proslavery raid on the town instigated the retaliatory Pottawatomie killings by John BrownBrown, John,
1800–1859, American abolitionist, b. Torrington, Conn. He spent his boyhood in Ohio. Before he became prominent in the 1850s, his life had been a succession of business failures in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and New York.
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. In 1863 the town was again sacked and burned by William QuantrillQuantrill, William Clarke
, 1837–65, Confederate guerrilla leader, b. Canal Dover (now Dover), Ohio. In the Civil War his band of guerrillas was active in Missouri and Kansas. He was given the rank of captain in the Confederate army. On Aug.
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. The Plymouth Congregational Church there was the first church built (1854) by settlers in Kansas. Lawrence is also the seat of the Haskell Indian Nations Univ. (1884).

3 City (1990 pop. 70,207), a seat of Essex co., NE Mass., on the Merrimack River; settled 1655, set off from Andover and Methuen 1847, inc. as a city 1853. It is a port of entry. Textiles, clothing, electrical equipment, athletic shoes, and rubber and paper products are manufactured. High-technology industries in the area also contribute to Lawrence's economy. Boston capitalists laid out an industrial town there in 1845 and built a granite dam on the Merrimack River. They also built mills and workers' dwellings, which were soon crowded with laborers, mainly from Europe, and Lawrence became one of the world's greatest centers for woolen textiles. Several disastrous events have occurred there—the collapse and burning of the Pemberton Mill in 1860, when over 500 trapped workers were killed or injured; the tornado of 1890; and the protracted labor strike by the Industrial Workers of the WorldIndustrial Workers of the World
(IWW), revolutionary industrial union organized in Chicago in 1905 by delegates from the Western Federation of Mines, which formed the nucleus of the IWW, and 42 other labor organizations.
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 in 1912. Leonard BernsteinBernstein, Leonard
, 1918–90, American composer, conductor, and pianist, b. Lawrence, Mass., grad. Harvard, 1939, and Curtis Institute of Music, 1941. A highly versatile musician, he was the composer of symphonic works (the Jeremiah Symphony, 1944;
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 was born there.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the northeastern USA, in Massachusetts, on the Merrimack River. Population, 67,000 (1970; 232,000 including the neighboring city of Haverhill and their common suburban area). Approximately 40,000 of its inhabitants are employed in industry (about 15,000 in Lawrence). It produces textiles, clothing, leather footwear, radioelectronic equipment, rubber, paper, military hardware, and equipment for the textile and footwear industries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Saint. died 258 ad, Roman martyr: according to tradition he was roasted to death on a gridiron. Feast day: Aug. 10
2. D(avid) H(erbert). 1885--1930, British novelist, poet, and short-story writer. Many of his works deal with the destructiveness of modern industrial society, contrasted with the beauty of nature and instinct, esp the sexual impulse. His novels include Sons and Lovers (1913), The Rainbow (1915), Women in Love (1920), and Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928)
3. Ernest Orlando. 1901--58, US physicist, who invented the cyclotron (1931): Nobel prize for physics 1939
4. Gertrude. 1898--1952, British actress, noted esp for her roles in comedies such as No?l Coward's Private Lives (1930)
5. Sir Thomas. 1769--1830, British portrait painter
6. T(homas) E(dward), known as Lawrence of Arabia. 1888--1935, British soldier and writer. He took a major part in the Arab revolt against the Turks (1916--18), proving himself an outstanding guerrilla leader. He described his experiences in The Seven Pillars of Wisdom (1926)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
She, her husband, one son and some grandchildren are buried at Zion Wexford Cemetery on Lawerence Avenue in Scarborough, Ontario.
At times Duke's reach exceeds his grasp, but there is so much complex and vital information that he clearly does grasp, that musician-teachers of every type will find this book a "must-read." Reviewed by Christopher Hepp, Lawerence, Kansas.
Finally, though Tagliamonte and Lawerence say that used to is "highly restricted to nonstative verbs" (339), we have seen that it does allow stative predicates, as in 7.
A quick check of the England replacements bench on Saturday underlined the enormity of Wales' task to compete where the likes of Lawerence Dallaglio, Matt Dawson, Tom Voyce and Julian White would be certain starters for any other northern hemisphere nation, barring France.
Lawerence said that they help prepare her staff "to accept change.
They love doing this and their favorite so far is Life by Paul Lawerence Dunbar.
STONE, LAWERENCE. The Family, Sex and Marriage in England 1500-1800.
Other influences would include Charles Simic, Lawerence Ferlengetti and Stonehouse's Zen Mountain Poems ...
Science, theory, and technology: Varied perspectives, Monograph Number 6, Lawerence, KS: Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.
J Lawerence, Chris Berry and D Dent with C Nevin the consolation.
Langford, CAM Fort Lauderdale Marianne Lawerence, CAM Cincinnati Sherry L.