Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,

scientific research centers run by the Univ. of California, located in Berkeley, Calif., and Livermore, Calif., respectively. They are named for their founder, physicist Ernest O. LawrenceLawrence, Ernest Orlando,
1901–58, American physicist, b. Canton, S. Dak., grad. Univ. of South Dakota, 1922, Ph.D. Yale, 1925. Affiliated with the Univ. of California from 1928 onward, he became a professor in 1930 and director of its radiation laboratory in 1936.
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, who organized the Berkeley laboratory in the early 1930s and the Livermore laboratory in 1952. They are administered by the Univ. of California with funds provided by the U.S. Department of Energy. Formerly these two laboratories were run as a single research center known as the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley and Livermore.

At Lawrence Berkeley an international staff carries out fundamental research and graduate study in physics, nuclear chemistry, biology and medicine (more recently including genetic mapping), chemical biodynamics, and inorganic materials. Since most of the work is centered around the study of atomic nuclei, the greatest portion of research involves the use of four major particle accelerators. In 1971 research was also formally instituted there in environmental problems.

At Lawrence Livermore applied research is carried out on nuclear weaponry, peaceful uses of nuclear explosives, the effects of artificially produced radiation on living organisms, and controlled thermonuclear reactions. The laboratory maintains a test site for nuclear explosives near Las Vegas, Nev. Basic research, partly in support of the applied work, is conducted in chemistry, physics, biology, and computer sciences. Since the end of the cold war the research focus has increasingly diversified, with a shift toward environmental (global warming, climate simulation), energy, computer, laser, biomedical (genetic mapping), and chaos theory issues.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has addressed this constraint by developing Extended Pressure Inductive Coupled Plasma-synthesized Boron Nitride Nanotubes (EPIC BNNTs).
The average cost of going solar in the United States continued its rapid decline in 2013 and the first half of 2014, according to a new study from the Department of Energy s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Plenary speakers scheduled to give presentations include Paul Alivisatos, the Samsung Distinguished Chair in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at University of California, Berkeley, and director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Mina Bissell, Distinguished Scientist in the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab's Life Sciences Division; and ASME Honorary Member and Fellow Arun Majumdar, director of energy initiatives at Google and Precourt Institute of Energy faculty member at Stanford University.
Grant Logan, recently retired from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, has been selected by Fusion Power Associates Board of Directors to receive FPA's 2012 Distinguished Career Award.
San Diego, CA, October 16, 2010 --( Wildcat Discovery Technologies, a materials discovery company that develops and uses high throughput tools to rapidly synthesize and test new materials, announced today that it has successfully installed a custom high throughput gas sorption assay at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Royal Philips Electronics and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have signed an agreement to jointly research new energy-efficiency solutions for buildings.
British Petroleum announces it has selected the University of California, Berkeley, in partnership with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of Illinois to lead an unprecedented $500 million research effort to develop new sources of energy and reduce the impact of energy consumption on the environment.
"These new results help extend our map of the cosmic expansion farther into the past," adds Eric Linder of the Lawrence Berkeley (Calif.) National Laboratory.
A researcher at California's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, in one of the early efforts to relate IAQ affects to health and productivity, established a baseline for quantifying benefits from improved IAQ and demonstrated that improvements in IAQ can:
"The centers represent a great opportunity to conduct transdisciplinary science to explore the problem of breast cancer from many different perspectives, including the valuable perspective of [breast cancer survivor] advocates," said Robert Hiatt, principal investigator for the BCERC at the University of California, San Francisco, which collaborates with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and serves as the coordinating center for the BCERC network.
Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory came up with a new approach.
Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Institute of Paper Science and Technology at the Georgia Institute of Technology (IPST at Georgia Tech), was recently successfully tested at a mill making copy paper in Jackson, Alabama.