Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,

scientific research centers run by the Univ. of California, located in Berkeley, Calif., and Livermore, Calif., respectively. They are named for their founder, physicist Ernest O. LawrenceLawrence, Ernest Orlando,
1901–58, American physicist, b. Canton, S. Dak., grad. Univ. of South Dakota, 1922, Ph.D. Yale, 1925. Affiliated with the Univ. of California from 1928 onward, he became a professor in 1930 and director of its radiation laboratory in 1936.
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, who organized the Berkeley laboratory in the early 1930s and the Livermore laboratory in 1952. They are administered by the Univ. of California with funds provided by the U.S. Department of Energy. Formerly these two laboratories were run as a single research center known as the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley and Livermore.

At Lawrence Berkeley an international staff carries out fundamental research and graduate study in physics, nuclear chemistry, biology and medicine (more recently including genetic mapping), chemical biodynamics, and inorganic materials. Since most of the work is centered around the study of atomic nuclei, the greatest portion of research involves the use of four major particle accelerators. In 1971 research was also formally instituted there in environmental problems.

At Lawrence Livermore applied research is carried out on nuclear weaponry, peaceful uses of nuclear explosives, the effects of artificially produced radiation on living organisms, and controlled thermonuclear reactions. The laboratory maintains a test site for nuclear explosives near Las Vegas, Nev. Basic research, partly in support of the applied work, is conducted in chemistry, physics, biology, and computer sciences. Since the end of the cold war the research focus has increasingly diversified, with a shift toward environmental (global warming, climate simulation), energy, computer, laser, biomedical (genetic mapping), and chaos theory issues.

References in periodicals archive ?
A decade ago, Carl Pennypacker (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory) and I, with students, tried to use computerized data reduction to help Jean-Luc Dighaye pull such a stellar-deflection measurement from his observations taken in Africa before and during the 2006 total solar eclipse.
It follows the project for the laser BELLA, the most powerful laser in the world, in operation since 2012 in the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, as well as a contract for the development of a high-intensity laser system (2 x 10 petawatts) at the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) in Romania.
Richard Muller, Jordin Kare and Carl Pennypacker of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are using a telescope at the University of California's Leuschner Observatory in the Berkeley hills, and are just completing their first series of observations.
Dr Alvitros also cited example of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and its evolution as the premier laboratory in the USA with 4,000 staff and $730 million annual budget in 2011.
The calculations took months to process on supercomputers at Princeton and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
To solve these complex equations and simulate what happens inside a dying star, the team used an advanced computer code called CASTRO that took into account factors that changed over time, including fluid density, temperature, pressure, gravitational acceleration and velocity.The calculations took months to process on supercomputers at Princeton and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.The simulations are not an end unto themselves, Burrows noted.
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena were selected to lead the ambitious research project, the Energy Department announced Thursday.
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory is responsible for creating 5,600 jobs locally and 12,000 nationally.
Chu's Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory was an original laboratory of the Manhattan Project and then called the Radiation Laboratory.
The Public Works Research Institute in Japan has experimented with coating roadways white, and researchers at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are advocating widespread coating of both rooftops and roads in California.
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 135 F.3d 1260, 1270 (N.D.
"The million-dollar question is: How dangerous is this?" said Brett Singer, of California's Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.