Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

and

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,

scientific research centers run by the Univ. of California, located in Berkeley, Calif., and Livermore, Calif., respectively. They are named for their founder, physicist Ernest O. LawrenceLawrence, Ernest Orlando,
1901–58, American physicist, b. Canton, S. Dak., grad. Univ. of South Dakota, 1922, Ph.D. Yale, 1925. Affiliated with the Univ. of California from 1928 onward, he became a professor in 1930 and director of its radiation laboratory in 1936.
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, who organized the Berkeley laboratory in the early 1930s and the Livermore laboratory in 1952. They are administered by the Univ. of California with funds provided by the U.S. Department of Energy. Formerly these two laboratories were run as a single research center known as the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley and Livermore.

At Lawrence Berkeley an international staff carries out fundamental research and graduate study in physics, nuclear chemistry, biology and medicine (more recently including genetic mapping), chemical biodynamics, and inorganic materials. Since most of the work is centered around the study of atomic nuclei, the greatest portion of research involves the use of four major particle accelerators. In 1971 research was also formally instituted there in environmental problems.

At Lawrence Livermore applied research is carried out on nuclear weaponry, peaceful uses of nuclear explosives, the effects of artificially produced radiation on living organisms, and controlled thermonuclear reactions. The laboratory maintains a test site for nuclear explosives near Las Vegas, Nev. Basic research, partly in support of the applied work, is conducted in chemistry, physics, biology, and computer sciences. Since the end of the cold war the research focus has increasingly diversified, with a shift toward environmental (global warming, climate simulation), energy, computer, laser, biomedical (genetic mapping), and chaos theory issues.

References in periodicals archive ?
ED VINE is a former senior staff scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. KEN KEATING is the former manager of evaluation at the Bonneville Power Administration.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), www.lbl.gov, delivers science solutions to the world - solutions derived from the hundreds of patented and patent pending inventions plus copyrighted software in the Lab's portfolio as well as scores of peer-reviewed manuscripts published each year in premier scientific publications.
He joined the US fusion effort in 1956 at what is now the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), while also becoming a professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley.
Pacific Controls has taken up a similar programme in the US in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. In Australia it has partnered with Telstra, a local telco.
'Weather- and climate-related insurance losses today average US$50billion a year, These losses nave more than doubled each decade since the 1980s, adjusted for inflation, said the study's author, Evan Mills, of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California.
Gadgil is affiliated with UC-Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Liverman is affiliated with the University of Arizona and the University of Oxford.
Department of Energy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (lbl.gov) are onto a solution: They've developed a photocatalyst that accelerates light-driven chemical reactions to extract hydrogen from water using the sun's energy.
Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are collaborating on the development of a graphical user interface (GUI) for the EnergyPlus building simulation engine that will assist Architects, Engineers, Designers and Developers to create the most energy efficient commercial buildings possible.
The institute is a research collaboration between the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Illinois, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and the funding sponsor BP.
technology organizations, including Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, Georgia Institute of Technology, Michigan Technical University, University of Hawaii at Manoa and University of New Mexico.
Experiments at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, US, showed nicotine combines with nitrous acid in the air to produce highly carcinogenic chemicals called tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs).