Layamon


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Layamon

(lā`əmən, –mŏn, lī`–), fl. c.1200, first prominent Middle English poet. He described himself as a humble priest attached to the church at Ernley (Arley Regis) near Radstone. His Brut is a chronicle in 32,341 short lines on the history of Britain, from the fall of Troy to the arrival of Brutus in Britain and continuing through the death of Cadwaladr. Layamon freely adapted the Brut of Wace and added material from other sources. His Anglo-Saxon narrative meter foreshadows the Middle English metrical system. This chronicle, important in the development of the Arthurian legendArthurian legend,
the mass of legend, popular in medieval lore, concerning King Arthur of Britain and his knights. Medieval Sources

The battle of Mt. Badon—in which, according to the Annales Cambriae (c.
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, gives one of the finest renderings of King Arthur as a national hero. It also contains the first mention of LearLear
, legendary English king, supposed descendant, through Locrine and Brut, of Aeneas of Troy. The story of Lear and his three daughters probably originated in early Celtic mythology.
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 and CymbelineCymbeline
or Cunobelinus
, d. c.A.D. 40, British king. His conquest of the Trinovantes (of Essex) reportedly made him the wealthiest and most powerful ruler in SE England. After his death his kingdom was divided between his sons Togodumnus and Caractacus.
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.

Bibliography

See his Brut, ed. by G. L. Brook and R. F. Leslie (1963).

Layamon

, Lawman
12th-century English poet and priest; author of the Brut, a chronicle providing the earliest version of the Arthurian story in English
References in periodicals archive ?
1155), the widely accepted intermediary between Geoffrey of Monmouth and Layamon, and accepted source for Layamon's own Brut.
8) But, more importantly, despite the obvious ways in which these wooded landscapes of Geoffrey, Wace, and Layamon embody the threat of sudden and ferocious military violence, Layamon surpasses Geoffrey's rare and Wace's frequent but unvaried references to woods and forests by adding significant details such as those that allude to soldiers preparing ambushes by entering 'ane ueire wode' [a beautiful wood] (l.
Tennyson is undoubtedly following Layamon here; the unannounced intrusion of lines from the Brut into his notes, a non sequitur following a passage on his first exposure to Malory, might perhaps be taken as the coyest possible admission of the line of influence.
Rather curiously, Layamon, in his adaptation of Wace's Brut into Middle English from about 1200, drops the embarkation scene in all its detail, while elsewhere expanding on the Arthurian matter of his source(s).
If it wasn't, then why does Ferdowsi say it was, if not to lay claim to - as did Geoffrey and Layamon - the authenticity an ancient source would automatically confer?
By contrast, Chapter Two shifts the focus to the chronicle tradition, with Wade tracing the evolution of Avalon from Geoffrey of Monmouth through Wace to Layamon and beyond.
15) Layamon heh, heihliche, heyes, neh, neih, nih, nere, inoh, inowe Owl and the Nightingale heh, heie, neh, ney, inoh Sir Orfeo heiye, nere Castel of Love heiynesse, hyhhe, neih, nyyh, sleih-, inouh Myrour of Lewed Men hegh, ynogh Robert of Gloucester Chr.
In Layamon "the passing of Arthur is really more romantic than in Malory, who [.
1200) by Layamon was the most notable of many direct imitations.
The intermediate stage, that of the lowering, is confirmed by spellings with <ae> in Layamon (c1205):
10) a) c1205 Layamon, Worcestershire/Somersetshire (WM/SW) [5448] 116 NIM (nom 78, nim/ep/en 14, nam 10, nemen 5, inumen 5, i-nomen 2, nyme 1, naem 1) 13 YAK (take/de/n 8, tok/en 4, i-taken 1)
The texts produced there prevailingly contain the eode-type, as does Layamon B (c.