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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Laz Kingdom (local name, Egrisi), a state in western Georgia from the second to sixth centuries.

According to ancient writers, in the second century Lazica occupied the territory to the north of the mouth of the Çoruh River, settled by the Laz people. In the fourth century, the rulers of Lazica subjugated the population of northern Colchis (the Svanians, Apsil, Abazgi). Major urban centers were the capital, Archeopolis (present-day Nakalakevi); Rhodopolis (present-day Vartsikhe); Vashnari; Petra (present-day Tsikhisdziri); and Apsar (present-day Gonio). Between the fourth and sixth centuries, feudal relations developed in Lazica. In 523 Christianity, which had earlier been propagated in Lazica, became the official religion. From the sixth century, Lazica became the arena of wars between Byzantium and Iran. According to a treaty of 562, Lazica remained under Byzantine suzerainty; royal authority in Lazica was abolished. In the eighth century, Lazica was incorporated into the Abkhaz kingdom.


Istoriia Gruzii, vol. 1. Tbilisi, 1962.
Melikishvili, G. A. K istorii drevnei Gruzii. Tbilisi, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a press release, Kylycdaroy-lu said the parliamentary question which the CHP deputy, Mahmut Tanal, submitted about an ISIL-linked group, the self-proclaimed Lazica Islamic Emirate, did not originally involve the younger Erdoy-an's name, but the revelation of it due to an advisor's mistake.
The western areas are better known as "Colchis" or, from the eleventh century on as "Lazica." (9) The occasional martyrdom account involving children, here for example that of the Lives of the Children of Kola, is situated in that region.
Braund, |Procopius on the economy of Lazica', CQ 41 (1991), 221-5.