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1. a region of W central Italy, on the Tyrrhenian Sea: includes the plain of the lower Tiber, the reclaimed Pontine Marshes, and Campagna. Capital: Rome. Pop.: 5 145 805 (2003 est.)
2. the Italian name for Latium
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Latium), a region in central Italy, on the Apennine Peninsula, in the basin of the Tiber River. Area, 17,200 sq km; population, 4,702,100 (1971). It is composed of the provinces of Frosinone, Latina, Rieti, Rome, and Viterbo. Rome is its chief city.

For the most part the region lies in the foothills of the Central Apennines (maximum altitude, 2,247 m); there is a lowland (the Roman Campagna) in the middle part.

The region in which Italy’s capital is located, Lazio is basically an agricultural area, except for Rome itself: more than 80 percent of those engaged in industry in the region are concentrated in the province of Rome. The agricultural area amounts to 1.2 million hectares (1970), of which 66.2 percent is arable land, 16.6 percent is meadows and pasture, and 14.5 percent is orchards, vineyards, and olive groves. The chief crops are grapes (mainly for wine), wheat, and olives; there is market gardening near Rome. In the mountainous areas there is animal husbandry, mostly sheep breeding. The region has large-scale private land holdings, with some of the land rented out in small plots and some remaining tenantless. The chief branches of industry are machine building (especially the electrical engineering and electronic industries), food, printing, paper, construction materials, and wood products. The traditional branches are the garment, textile, haberdashery, souvenir, musical-instrument, and toy industries. After World War II the chemical, oil-refining, and rubber industries grew. The film industry is of international significance. The new industrial centers, including Colleferro, Latina, and Pomezia, are linked closely to the region’s chief industrial center, Rome.

In antiquity, Lazio (Latium is the Latin name) was populated by the Latini. The oldest writings on the region date from the seventh and sixth centuries B.C. (from Praeneste) and the sixth century B.C. (from Rome).


Almagia, R. Lazio. [Turin] 1966.
Attuoni, P. “I nuovi centri industriali del Lazio.” Rivista geografica italiana, 1959, no. 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Lazio region, an analysis of the combination of vectorial capacity (Appendix 2 Figure 5) and mobility proximity revealed a higher transmission potential in August (Appendix 2 Figure 6), with implications for targeting surveillance and outbreak control activities to this region.
Mario Marotta, director general of the Lazio Ministry of Production and Waste Disposal, said, 'The Centre of Excellence at Khoday's Commerce Centre is a superb opportunity for us to showcase the Lazio region and tap into the tremendous business potential for Italian and Indian companies to collaborate.
Rome The beautiful city of Rome in the Lazio region of Italy will be the location for its first luxury exhibition [ETH] Expo Luxe Roma 2010 ( ).
Soon afterwards the PDL fumbled over its candidate lists in Rome's Lazio region and Berlusconi's native Lombardy.
She has called for the electorate in the Lazio region to vote for her, because of her willingness to apply her knowledge and experience to her work as a regional adviser, and because she is a natural optimist and believes in the future.
But Emma Bonino, leader of the Radical Party and centre-left candidate for president of the Lazio region, said charge was "a laughable lie".
Damascus, (SANA) -- Minister of Tourism, Saadallah Agha al-Qalaa and an Iltalian delegation from Lazio headed by its President Piero Marrazzo on Sunday discussed cooperation between Syria and Lazio Region and activating tourist movement between them.
Six wedding dress designers from Sarli Couture, Carnevali Spose, Franco Ciambella, Mariel, Curti Spose and Merinda Spose, as well as make-up artist, Massimo Toppi and hairstylist Roberto Carminato, all from Italy's Lazio region, will present their exclusive bridal collections and services to visitors and high-end retailers at the four day event, from 8-11 April at the Dubai International Exhibition Centre.
Michele and Fortunata D'Annunzio arrived in Liverpool from Atina, which is in the Comino Valley in Italy's Lazio region, with their children, Felice, Maria-Grazia and Filipo.
Communications solutions provider Alcatel-Lucent (Euronext Paris: ALU) (NYSE: ALU) announced on Monday (16 June) that it has been selected by Linkem Spa, a wireless broadband service provider in Italy, to provide a turnkey WiMAX 802.16e-2005 network (also called Rev-e) in the Lazio Region, Italy.
It also sent Italy a written warning for failing to comply with an earlier court ruling that found the Lazio region around Rome disobeyed EU rules because it did not have a regional waste management plan.
A lower court in the Lazio region in February had rejected Air One's request to suspend the talks and allow it to re-enter the race.