Although various disciplines identify aspects of LD using different terms, such as dyslexia, reading disorder, dyscalculia, math disability, dysgraphia, and disorders of written expression, there is agreement that these are types of LD.
Among the 252 patients with travel-associated LD and known outcome, 15 (6%) died, compared with 71 (8%) of the 882 patients with non-travel-associated LD.
In this study, clinically defined late-stage LD patients included those with later manifestations (neurologic involvement, cardiac involvement, and arthritis) and patients with chronic LD.
The STAMI questionnaire was developed to measure quantitatively preservice teachers' levels of belief toward mathematics instruction of students with LD.
It was also interesting to note from the study that the proportions of students who continued to display the same deficits after the indicated time interval were approximately the same across three operational definitions of LD.
The author interviewed 13 individuals from diverse backgrounds utilizing a semi-structured interview with open-ended questions to learn about their experiences as persons with LD.
5% of school-aged children have comorbid AD/HD and LD.
It is important, however, to consider that manipulative materials may not always be the answer for students with LD.
Additionally, the Pygmalion Effect [also known as the self-fulfilling prophecy], or the idea that one's expectations about a person can eventually lead that person to behave and achieve in ways that conform to those expectations (Brehm & Kassin, 1996), is a powerful phenomenon and may be influencing the output they receive from their students, rather than the work (perceived to be below standard) being the sole result of LD.
A total of 2,399 cases reported to the DHMH with a known date of onset from 1993 through 1998 met the national surveillance case definition for LD.
This literature review organizes the information into two broad categories: what individuals know about adults with LD and how they serve adults with LD.
Additionally, it is important to keep in mind the availability of job restructuring and modifications for students with LD.