Le Duan

Duan, Le:

see Le DuanLe Duan
, 1908–86, Vietnamese Communist party leader. Imprisoned by the French colonial regime, he organized Communist forces in the South after the French withdrawal from Vietnam in 1954 and became first secretary of North Vietnam's Communist party in 1959.
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Le Duan

(lā dwän), 1908–86, Vietnamese Communist party leader. Imprisoned by the French colonial regime, he organized Communist forces in the South after the French withdrawal from Vietnam in 1954 and became first secretary of North Vietnam's Communist party in 1959. After Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
, 1890–1969, Vietnamese nationalist leader, president of North Vietnam (1954–69), and one of the most influential political leaders of the 20th cent. His given name was Nguyen That Thanh. In 1911 he left Vietnam, working aboard a French liner.
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's death (1969), Le Duan emerged as the leader of North Vietnam's ruling collective. In 1976, after Vietnam's reunification, he was renamed party leader and served until his death.

Le Duan

 

Born Apr. 7, 1907, in the province of Quang Tri, central Vietnam. Figure in the Vietnamese and international communist movement.

From an early age Le Duan was involved in the revolutionary movement against the French colonialists and for the liberation of his homeland. He joined the Fellowship of Revolutionary Youth of Vietnam in 1928, and in 1930 he became a member of the Communist Party of Indochina (CPI; it became the Workers’ Party of Vietnam, or WPV, in 1951). He was repeatedly imprisoned for his revolutionary activity (from 1931 to 1936 and from 1940 to 1945). In 1936 he was named secretary of the committee of the CPI in central Vietnam. In 1939 he became a member of the Permanent Committee of the Central Committee of the CPI. After the victory of the August Revolution of 1945, the Central Committee of the CPI sent him to southern Vietnam as its representative. There he greatly expanded the work of organizing the masses for the struggle against foreign aggression. In 1951 he became a member of the Politburo and secretary (until 1960) of the Central Committee of the WPV. During the years of the War of Resistance (1945–54), he helped lead the struggle of the Vietnamese people in defense of the achievements of the August Revolution of 1945; he engaged in active party work in southern and central Vietnam. In 1960 he became first secretary of the Central Committee of the WPV. He has written a number of theoretical works on questions of party activity and the building of socialism in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

WORKS

Izbrannye stat’i i rechi (1965–1970 gg.). Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The obduracy of Le Duan, the dominant figure in the North Vietnamese leadership, clinging to the fantasy of a "general uprising" in the south and heedless of casualties as he ordered repeated general offensives, deserves condemnation.
Le Duan -the VCP Secretary General who succeeded Ho Chi Minh--and Mao Zedong famously said that the two nations were like "lips and teeth that lived and died together" (p.
Le Duan, who was elected First Secretary of the Central Committee of the VWP in 1960, was put in charge of relations with the CPSU.
On the street named after Le Duan, the powerful wartime secretary-general of the Communist Party there is a row of stalls selling American-style military boots and fatigues with"US Army" stencils.
She reveals the tensions and disunity in that regime and demonstrates that real power and influence rested largely with Le Duan, the general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, and Le Duc Tho, whose negotiations with Dr.
Notably, Marange quotes the report of 1964 discussions between an FCP delegation and Hanoi leaders Le Duan and Truong Chinh, which reveals how each man came to embrace the anti-Khrushchev viewpoint for different reasons, Truong Chinh displaying a far more ideological attitude (p.
They were not aware that in April 1973, Le Duan and General Vo Nguyen Giap had formed a secret committee to plan the conquest of South Vietnam within a two-year period.
Le Duan (1907 - 1986), with the backing of Le Doc Tho and against the wishes of Ho Chi Minh, ousted General Giap from the position of First Secretary/General Secretary of the Vietnamese Communist Party in 1959 and by the early 60s was the real power, having caught Ho Chi Minh in secret talks over a "neutralist" settlement with South Vietnam officials on more than one occasion.
At Andrew Rafacz the figures appeared on a long shelf that snaked around the gallery, and ran in chronological order from Mason's birth in 1978 (Pol Pot, Le Duan, Deng Xiaoping, and Leonid Brezhnev, for the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia) to 2008 (Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero and Mikel Garikoitz Aspiazu Rubina, for the conflict between the Spanish government and the Basque separatist group ETA), with a cute and rotund baby Rachel Mason amid the first group and a stern and mature guerrilla Mason in the last.
''John Foster Dulles and Henry Kissinger of the United States, and Le Duan of Vietnam were also held accountable,'' he said without elaborating.
Located on Le Duan Boulevard in the centre of Ho Chi Minh City, all of the hotel's 292 rooms are fitted with an executive desk, satellite TV, international telephone and computer ports.
In interviews with top Hanoi officials, Saigon bureaucrats, and peasant farmers, Shaplen elicits "Vietnam's bold-if-belated acceptance of its failures to date and of the need to overhaul the foundations of its economy.' Not surprisingly, the overhaul meant introducing profit incentives to rice growers, allowing capitalists to exist alongside the "socialist' economy, devaluing the currency along realistic rates, and establishing a system of "pay according to work.' Just in case the ideologues hadn't gotten the message, Le Duan, a top Vietnamese official, declared in a major speech that a worker's main motive should be "personal interest.' Economic egalitarianism, he sniffed, "was an erroneous tendency alien to Marxism.'