La Marseillaise

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Marseillaise, La

 

a French revolutionary song and the French national anthem.

The music and lyrics of the “Marseillaise” were written by C. J. Rouget de Lisle in 1792, in Strasbourg. It was originally called “War Song for the Army of the Rhine.” It spread quickly in the Republican Army and reached Marseille, where it became known as the “March of the Men of Marseille,” or the “Marseillaise,” and was later brought to Paris. Banned during the Restoration and Second Empire, the Third Republic made it the national anthem; its musical text was officially established in 1887.

In Russia during the 1880’s and 1890’s, a revolutionary song based on the melody of the “Marseillaise” and known as the “Workers’ Marseillaise” became popular among workers and the intelligentsia. As a result of some intonational, rhythmical, and structural changes, it became in essence a new song. The text of the “Workers’ Marseillaise,” which is a separate poetic work in its own right, was written by P. L. Lavrov (published 1875 in the newspaper Vpered, no. 12, July 1); it has been performed with some alterations.

REFERENCES

Tiersot, J. Histoire de la “Marseillaise.” Paris, 1915.
Tiersot, J. Pesni i prazdnestva Frantsuzskoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 81-92. (Translated from French.)
Dymshits, A. L. “O ’rabochikh marserezakh’.” Sovetskii forklor, 1936, nos. 4-5.
Biografii pesen. Moscow, 1965. (Collection of articles.)
References in periodicals archive ?
As Le Marseillaise played tears began to flow on the podium and Vergne later dedicated the victory to late Formula One race director Charlie Whiting.
Before kick-off, the rendition of Le Marseillaise could probably be heard on the Champs-Elysees.
Wales' Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau came second only to Le Marseillaise with a singalong-ability score of 41.81% and Scotland's Flower of Scotland wasn't too far behind on 25.84%.
From Africa comes the Kenyan Boys Choir and Roberto Alagna represents France with his version of Le Marseillaise.
To a stirring tune, Le Marseillaise's blood-curdling words speak of "cherished liberty" and "ignoble shackles" and urges traitors and tyrants to tremble.
A French trumpeter then sounded The Last Post and a minute's silence was observed before The RAF band played a refrain from French an-them Le Marseillaise. Mr Sarkozy was then met by the Prime Minister at the Royal Hospital Chelsea, where they were greeted by a flypast of a Spitfire, a Typhoon and a French Air Force Rafale.
A two-hour afternoon snooze, followed by more food, wine, singing of Le Marseillaise and deluded back-slapping about France being as powerful today as it was under Napoleon.
Zinedine Zidane will sing Le Marseillaise from the playing arena once again after spending two games confined to the touchline following his senseless raking of a Saudi.
The 20,000-strong England army that had marched on Toulou se didn't have "Le Marseillaise'' in their repertoire, but that didn't stop them belting out their own national anthem with lung-busting pride.
Steer clear, for instance, of Le Marseillaise or any other Gallic tune.
While the French national anthem was being played prior to the Group C match against Romania, the BBC commentator twittered: "This could have been Flower of Scotland but it's Le Marseillaise."