The program, as currently spelled out in an ordinance approved in December, requires that when the city does underground construction work, property owners replace lead pipes
on their properties -- up to an estimated $4,800 in most cases -- or sign a waiver and commit to drinking bottled or filtered water for two years, plus pay for an estimated $1,000 for five tests over two years.
installed in cities 100 or more years ago need to be replaced, sooner rather than later.
Other actions being weighed include, in no particular order: increased inspection to determine status of existing lead pipe
; inspection to determine just who is still operating lead pipe
; how much lead pipe
is still in use; and my favorite, initiating a ban on the use of all lead water pipe in America.
have traditionally been used because they have a long life span and they resist pinhole leaks, which are a common problem with underground pipes.
And yet lead pipe
continued to be installed in municipalities such as Flint.
Independent drainage experts confirmed that the cause of the leak was an old lead pipe
that needed replacing.
Measuring 51 inches in length and featuring a diameter of at least 2.7 inches, the unique lead pipe
was located in a sort of "small bilge-well" and would have been connected to a hand operated piston pump.
A 1992 report for the UK Department of the Environment titled Economics of Lead Pipe
Replacement noted that in theory, when a lead pipe
is partially replaced, the amount of lead in water should be reduced because there is less expanse of lead in contact with the water.
But there were still many houses across the country with lead pipes
Created for teachers that prefer a traditional student trumpet design, the Bach TR500 trumpet features a .460" bore, nickel silver trim, a red brass lead pipe
and a pin-style third slide stop.
If the European directive is enforced, most church organs would gradually be replaced by glass organs, which lack the unique tone of the lead pipe
I don't much like the word patriot because the worst people use it as a lead pipe
to silence dissent, but I am a patriot--a progressive leftist patriot with big internationalist dreams (in the tradition of Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Lincoln, FDR, JFK, Bill Clinton).