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(lĕd`vĭl), mining city (1990 pop. 2,629), alt. c.10,200 ft (3,110 m), seat of Lake co., central Colo., near the headwaters of the Arkansas River, in the Rocky Mts.; inc. 1878. Some mining and smelting are still carried on (at nearby Climax are huge deposits of molybdenum), and farming, ranching, and the tourist trade have kept this famous city from becoming another ghost town. Rich placer gold deposits were discovered c.1860 in California Gulch. Oro City, the principal camp, flourished for about two years. The camps were virtually deserted until 1877, when the discovery of carbonates of lead with a high silver content again transformed Oro City into a boomtown. By 1880, two years after its incorporation, Leadville had become one of the greatest silver camps in the world. In 1893, with the repeal of the Sherman Silver Act, silver mining collapsed; but in the late 1890s, with the discovery of gold nearby, Leadville again revived. The spectacular history of Leadville is epitomized in the life of Horace TaborTabor, Horace Austin Warner
, 1830–99, American prospector, known as Silver Dollar Tabor, b. Holland, Vt. From the Matchless Mine at Leadville, Colo., he gained tremendous wealth by mining silver, and he spent money lavishly in Leadville and Denver.
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. Points of interest include the restored Tabor home; the Matchless Mine, now a museum; and the Healy House–Dexter Cabin Museums.


See E. Blair, Leadville: Colorado's Magic City (1984).

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References in periodicals archive ?
After recovering, Tammy said she wanted to climb mountains in Colorado, and the couple went to Leadville, where they saw a runner training for the 100-mile race.
Rhoades will relate the tale of his accidental discovery in Leadville, Colo., of a cache of tin cans with original labels from the 19th century.
But the less-than-enthusiastic takeoff from Phoenix due to our weight, combined with the carburetor ice encounters, left us with serious doubts about attempting Leadville even under ideal conditions.
Klucas, a journalist, became so interested in the plight of Leadville, Colorado--a town that fought the EPA to preserve the mine-waste dumps that were poisoning its water--that she moved there.
Reynolds tells such stories each October on his Halloween tour of Leadville. As a setting for a ghostly yarn, the judge's hometown is hard to beat.
Elsewhere in Colorado, "taffy-colored" ferroan rhodochrosite ("oligonite") from Leadville contains 20.3% Fe (Deer et al., 1962).
Leadville's four aging schools illustrate many districts' need for immediate help.
"In college, I worked for a sailmaker in Santa Barbara." After relocating to Salida to work as a raft guide, Jackson took her experience to another level when she "bought a bolt of material and started making jackets." She's sewn heavy-duty jackets for employees of Monarch Mountain near Salida and Leadville's Ski Cooper and now buys leftover performance fabric from Patagonia and Arc'teryx to make a wide range of outerwear, about half of it custom.
Amy Morrison, based in Leadville, said a number of factors hit the town's property value in the early 1980s.
But he describes the high point of his year so far as his trip across the Atlantic to race in Colorado's famous Leadville 100 Trail Race.