Leander Starr Jameson


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Jameson, Leander Starr

 

Born Feb. 9, 1853, in Edinburgh; died Nov. 26, 1917, in London. English colonialist in South Africa. Physician by profession. One of the directors (with C. Rhodes) of the British South African Company.

In December 1895, on the initiative of Rhodes and with the approval of the English government, an armed detachment led by Jameson invaded the Boer South African Republic (Transvaal) with the goal of overthrowing the Boer government and making the Transvaal a colony of Great Britain. Jameson’s detachment was routed by the Boers. In an attempt to cover up the aggressive nature of its policy in South Africa, the English government brought Jameson to trial. He was sentenced to 15 months in prison but was soon released. From 1899 to 1902, Jameson served in Great Britain’s war for control of the Boer republics. From 1904 to 1908 he was prime minister of the Cape Colony. Jameson headed the British Unionist Party in the Union of South Africa during 1910-12.

REFERENCE

Pakenham, E. Jameson’s Raid. London, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prime Minister of the Cape Colony aged 38, he blew everything when he asked his friend, Dr Leander Starr Jameson, to invade his Boer neighbours.
Leander Starr Jameson, with the tacit support of the British government, led a raid into the Transvaal, in hopes of encouraging an uprising of the Uitlanders.
But some later book will have to mention Sir Robert Menzies, the Australian Knight of the Thistle, or Peter Fraser of New Zealand--or such picturesque interlopers in African history as Leander Starr Jameson in the Cape and Transvaal and Ian Smith in Rhodesia.
If Rhodes goes, he is sure to go with all the other white men buried on the mountain - Leander Starr Jameson, the first administrator of Rhodesia; Alan Wilson, leader of the Shangani patrol that was wiped out by the natives in the battle of Shangani; and Charles P.
Leander Starr Jameson Sam Tsoutsouvas Piano Man Stephen Hinnenkamp
Neil plays Dr Leander Starr Jameson, the Scots surgeon who became Rhodes' commander in the bloody battles against the Matabele tribe.
Cecil John Rhodes (1853-1902), who had been prime minister of the Cape Colony since 1890, plotted to overthrow the Boers, and sent his friend Leander Starr Jameson (1853-1917) on a raid northward on December 29, 1895.