1] to the least-significant bit (LSB) of the first cover pixel [y.
The function LSB(z) represents the least-significant bit of pixel z.
Moreover, the value of the least-significant bit of ([y.
The common methods used to hide secret message involves the usage of the least-significant bit
or LSB, masking, filtering and transformations on the cover image.
While robbed-bit signaling imposed an imperceptible distortion when the least-significant bit in each of the 24 DS0 channels of every sixth frame was stolen for a signaling indicator, the ESF format imposes no penalty except that more frames must be examined before synchronization can be established.
When only the A signaling bit is used, the least-significant bit of every sixthf frame shows A-bit signaling.
The VF signaling method for T1 uses time-sharing of the least-significant bit in the sixth and 12th frames.
This is done by time sharing the least-significant bit (B8) between voice and signaling as shown in Figure 4.
HyperBit employs modulation of the DAC's least-significant bits
(LSBs) to accomplish this.
When hiding digital images, it is common to replace the least-significant bits
(LSBs) of a cover image with the bits of a secret image.