Lee Kuan Yew

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Lee Kuan Yew

(lē kwän yo͞o, yü), 1923–2015, prime minister of SingaporeSingapore
, officially Republic of Singapore, republic (2015 est. pop. 5,535,000), 299 sq mi (774 sq km). It consists of the island of Singapore and about 60 small adjacent islands at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, SE Asia.
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 (1959–90). Educated in England, he obtained a law degree from Cambridge Univ. in 1949 and in 1954 founded the moderately leftist People's Action party. In 1959, when Singapore achieved full independence from Great Britain, Lee became its first prime minister; in 1963 he led Singapore into the Federation of MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2015 est. pop. 30,723,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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, but political unrest caused it to withdraw in 1965. A republic was proclaimed, with Lee Kuan Yew continuing as prime minister. Pragmatic and incorruptible, Lee ran a tightly controlled welfare state with an economy based in private enterprise. Largely through Lee's efforts the island nation became a thriving center of international business and finance as he encouraged foreign investment while strongly discouraging political dissent. He also stressed discipline, correct public behavior, opposition to drugs, English education, and interracial tolerance. The longest serving prime minister in the world, Lee was lauded for overseeing the economic growth that transformed Singapore from a poor port to one of Asia's wealthiest and least corrupt nations, but he was criticized for his repressive policies. Lee resigned as prime minister in 1990 but continued in the government in the posts of senior minister (1990–2004) and minister mentor (2004–11). His eldest son, Lee Hsien LoongLee Hsien Loong
, 1952–, prime minister of Singapore (2004–). The eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore's first prime minister, Lee was educated at Cambridge and Harvard while also serving (beginning in 1974) in Singapore's armed forces.
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, has also served as prime minister of Singapore.


See his The Singapore Story: Memoirs (1998) and From Third World to First: The Singapore Story, 1965–2000 (2000).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lee Kuan Yew


Born Sept. 16,1923, in Singapore. Statesman of Singapore.

Lee was educated as a lawyer. He began his law practice in Singapore in 1951. Between 1951 and 1959 he was involved in the labor union movement. In 1954 he was elected general secretary of the People’s Action Party. In 1955 he became a deputy to the Legislative Assembly. After the general elections of 1959, in which the People’s Action Party won a majority, he became prime minister of Singapore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zenith moments vary with the telling of history - Singapore and the rise and rise of Lee Kwan Yew, the UK in the "swinging sixties" when the world came to London and Merseyside and they in turn went to the world, Prime Minister Super Mac telling Brits, "you've never had it so good," or the golden years of US industrial and political dominance, particularly following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Emphasizing this point further Seneviratne quoted former Singaporean diplomat and currently the head of the Lee Kwan Yew School of Public Policy, Kishore Mahbubani (The New Asian Hemisphere - the Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East):
It conducts surveys and studies with the Lee Kwan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia in Jakarta, It then uses the findings to identify priority areas requiring further policy enhancement.
But since the end of the cold war, the People's Republic of China has increasingly found utility in this term, as has Singaporean President for life Lee Kwan Yew. The Chinese Heritage Centre, founded in 1995, commissioned Lyn Pan's Sons of the Yellow Emperor (1994) as an inaugural framing of its Singaporean touting of a global overseas Chinese history.
Singapore's former leader, Lee Kwan Yew, an astute observer of both the U.S.
In Singapore, the offspring of the overseas Chinese created one of history's most successful city states under an ex Cambridge alumnus Harry Lee, known to posterity as the legendary Lee Kwan Yew.
Having regard to everything - the inauspicious beginning; the lack of resources of any kind except human resources; the peculiar vulnerabfJicies of small states of today's world and much else besides - it is difficult to withhold admiration for Lee Kwan Yew's achievement.
"A world-class pundit, speaking his mind with impolitic frankness," is how one analyst described Lee Kwan Yew, former prime minister of Singapore.
He models himself after Lee Kwan Yew, the stern leader whose uncanny grasp of economic affairs catapulted Singapore into global prominence and prosperity after he helped the city-state achieve independence in 1959.
With all due respect to Deng Xiaoping, Lee Kwan Yew, Manmohan Singh, and others, without the postindustrial, information-technology-cum-entrepreneurship revolution spreading like a virus out of the United States, their most commendable reforms would not have been enough to mobilize the vast idling reservoirs of human labor in the still-emerging world.