Lefebvre, Raymond

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lefebvre, Raymond


Born Apr. 24, 1891, in Vire in the department of Calvados; died presumably Oct. 1, 1920. French writer, publicist, and public figure.

Lefebvre was born into a bourgeois family. He was educated as a lawyer. He fought in World War I—a war which he vigorously condemned. In 1917 he was wounded and subsequently discharged.

Lefebvre became a member of the French Socialist Party in 1916. Along with P. Vaillant-Couturier and H. Barbusse, he founded the Association Républicaine des Anciens Combattants in the War (1917). He was a member of the progressive socioliterary association Clarté. As a left-wing French socialist, Lefebvre sought to link the French Socialist Party with the Comintern. He was a frequent contributor to the socialist press. Lefebvre was a delegate to the Second Congress of the Comintern (July-August, 1920). On his return voyage to France, he perished during a storm in the Barents Sea.

Lefebvre wrote a number of pamphlets, including The International of Soviets (1919) and Revolution or Death! (1920). With P. Vaillant-Couturier he published the collection of short stories Soldiers’ War (1919; Russian translation, 1923), a truthful account of the horrors of war and the growth of consciousness of soldiers at the front. Lefebvre’s novel Abraham’s Sacrifice (1919; Russian translations, 1923, 1926, and 1968) depicts the fate of members of the intelligentsia during the war. Lefebvre’s talent as a satirist is evident in his autobiographical book A Sponge Dipped in Vinegar (1921; Russian translation, 1923).


Istorila frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Narkir’er, F. S. “R. Lefevr” In Frantsuzskaia revoliutsionnaia literatura (1914–1924). Moscow, 1965.
Moussinac, L. “Il y a 70 ans naissait R. Lefebvre.” L‘Humanité, Apr.24, 1961, no. 5180.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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