Left-Bank Ukraine


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Left-Bank Ukraine

 

the historical name of the part of the Ukraine on the left bank of the Dnieper that was incorporated into Russia in the second half of the 17th and 18th centuries after the Andrusovo Armistice of 1667 between Russia and Poland. Also called the Hetmanshchina, it included Chernigov and Poltava oblasts, the left-bank portions of Kiev and Cherkassy oblasts, Kiev and its environs on the right bank, and the northern part of Dnepropetrovsk Oblast.

The Left-bank Ukraine had an autonomous administration established during the War of Liberation of the Ukrainian People (1648–54). The head of the administration was the hetman, who was formally elected at a general rada (assembly) of the cossack host. The region was divided into administrative units called polki (regiments), of which there were ten, and sotni (“hundreds”), headed by polkovniki and sotniki. These offices were also nominally elective, but in practice they were held by representatives of the cossack starshina (elders), appointed by the hetman; the appointments were confirmed by a ukase from the tsar. The hetman form of administration was temporarily abolished between 1722 and 1734 and permanently in 1764 and its functions transferred to the Little Russian Collegium. The Left-bank Ukraine retained limited autonomy until 1781, when it was divided into the Chernigov, Novgorod-Severskii, and Kiev vicegerencies. In 1796 it was renamed the Little Russian Province and was subdivided in 1802 into Chernigov and Poltava provinces. In 1783 the Cossack polki were converted into regular regiments of the Russian army.

After its incorporation into Russia industry, trade, crafts, cities, and commodity and money relations developed more rapidly in the Left-bank Ukraine than in the Right-bank Ukraine. In the early 18th century factories appeared, and the economy of the region became part of the national market, particularly after the abolition of internal tariffs in 1754. Serfdom was strengthened: the enserfment of the Ukrainian peasants was completed by the ukase of May 3 (14), 1783, and in 1785 the cossack starshina was placed on an equal footing with the Russian dvorianstvo (nobility). Monastic lands were secularized in 1786–87. In 1793 the Left-bank Ukraine was reunited with the Right-bank as part of the Russian Empire.

References in periodicals archive ?
Left-bank ukraine was eventually integrated into muscovite russia.
On 6 April 1665, a hetman of Muscovite-controlled Left-Bank Ukraine, Ivan Briukhovets'kyi, wrote to the Muscovite tsar, Aleksei Mikhailovich, renowned among his contemporaries for his religious piety: "when our strength begins to succumb to the enemy forces, Your Majesty's prayer gives us, who are few, victory over our enemies similar to how it happened to Moses of Israel.
With Briukhovets'kyi in Moscow, his entourage remained in charge of Left-Bank Ukraine, keeping peace among its residents and repulsing the attacks of the Right-Bank Cossacks.
He dispatched his deputy, Dem'ian Mnohohrishnyi, to Left-Bank Ukraine.
At the end of this letter, Haliatovs'kyi speaks clearly about current politics, calling Yurii Khmel'nyts'kyi's political orientation "a sin," and advises him to surrender, promising Yurii mercy and protection from the hetman of the Left-Bank Ukraine, Ivan Samoilovych:
In January 1668, the formerly pro-Muscovite Hetman of the Left-Bank Ukraine, Ivan Briukhovets'kyi, joined the Cossack uprising against the Muscovites, aligning himself with his old enemy, Hetman Doroshenko.
At the end of this letter, Galiatovs'kyi unequivocally refers to current politics, calling Yurii Khmel'nyts'kyi's political orientation "a sin," advising him to surrender, and promising mercy and protection from the Hetman of the Left-Bank Ukraine, Ivan Samoilovych (r.
Indeed, his efforts helped the Muscovite government to re-establish its control over the Left-Bank Ukraine in 1669.
Thirdly, while the effect of the public homilies is often difficult to establish, there are indications that some private homilies were effective: For instance, the influence of Baranovych's letters on Doroshenko's deputy in the Left-Bank Ukraine, Mnohohrishnyi, who, within a few months after being entrusted by hetman Doroshenko with the Left-Bank Ukraine, submitted himself to the authority of the Muscovite tsar.
Andreev defines Russian students as those from left-bank Ukraine and central Russia, including Germans from Russia's interior provinces.
The great majority of peasants who resettled to the borderlands in the late imperial period came from predominantly agricultural provinces in the Central Black-Earth Region and Left-Bank Ukraine, both regions where migration to the city was much less pronounced than it was in other parts of European Russia and where, despite the widespread practice of seasonal rural migration (i.