Legal Consciousness

Legal Consciousness

 

the sum of views and ideas expressing the attitude of people toward law, legality, and justice and their concept of what is lawful and unlawful. Legal consciousness is a form of social consciousness. Legal ideology, the system of legal views based on certain social and scientific viewpoints, is a concentrated expression of legal consciousness. The customs and feelings of people in relation to legal phenomena constitute the psychological aspect of legal consciousness; among these are a sense of justice and a loathing of crimes and illegal actions.

Legal consciousness is closely related to other forms of social consciousness, above all to political consciousness. The legal views of a class express and concretize its political goals and demands, to which it tries to give “universal force in the form of laws” (F. Engels, in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 21, p. 515). Similarly, the nature of the legal consciousness of individuals is determined above all by social position and political orientation. Although legal consciousness is linked to morality, there are a number of differences between morality and legal consciousness in both the range of relations evaluated and the nature of evaluation categories.

With the victory of the proletarian revolution, socialist legal consciousness acquires an important role in the formation of the socialist state structure. The building of socialism and elimination of the exploiting classes create all necessary conditions for a consolidation of a unified socialist legal consciousness, which expresses the sociopolitical and ideological unity of the working class, kolkhoz peasantry, and intelligentsia. The fundamental ideas of socialist legal consciousness are legality and justice, respect for social property and labor, people’s power and consistent democratism, internationalism, true equality of rights, and development of rights and freedoms in their inseparable bond with duties to society. The CPSU works steadily toward establishing socialist legal consciousness in the consciousness of all Soviet citizens.

References in periodicals archive ?
The book starts off with a preface describing the stories of several couples married in San Francisco, and an introduction discussing survey methodology and the concept of legal consciousness.
With the expansion of foreign trade businesses all over the world, we need to equip ourselves with stronger brand protection awareness and legal consciousness.
It is aimed at formation of legal consciousness of the society through the documentary, as well as development of tolerance and pluralism in society and encourage young filmmakers to shoot films about current social issues and human rights.
Abu Dhabi: The Interior Ministry will set up a legal culture office to increase legal consciousness among the public in the next quarter of this year, Lieutenant General Shaikh Saif Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Minister of Interior, told the Federal National Council (FNC) on Tuesday.
Jacobs (Professor, York University) presented his paper, Mapping the Legal Consciousness of Aboriginal Voters: Understanding Voting Rights Mobilization.
Sir John Mortimer and his ilk have undoubtedly left an indelible mark on the legal consciousness of the nation.
It has also highlighted the low levels of risk management and legal consciousness in the Japanese business community.
Getting Justice and Getting Even: Legal Consciousness among Working-class Americans (Chicago, 1990), 8-11.
One argument is that there is a tension between law (professionalized authority) and compassion (personalized authority), a tension which dominates Western legal consciousness.
Tort, custom, and karma; globalization and legal consciousness in Thailand.
Examining the relationship between law and social change in the context of employees' everyday problems with sexual harassment, this volume elaborates a framework for studying the role of law in everyday acts of resistance - what the author calls the legal consciousness of injustice.
Hudson, "'Even if You Cut Off Our Heads': Russian Peasant Legal Consciousness in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century," Canadian-American Slavic Studies, 35, no.