informed consent

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informed consent,

in medicine, a patient's written consent to a surgical or medical procedure or other course of treatment, given after the physician has told the patient all of the potential benefits, risks, and alternatives involved. Informed consent is also required for participation in clinical studies. The concept of informed consent is based on the principle that a physician has a duty to disclose to a patient information that allows the patient to make a reasonable decision regarding his or her own treatment. There is debate over whether special populations, such as children and the mentally ill, can really be considered to have given informed consent.
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Of great interest to many health care providers, scientists, ethicists, and families is the question of whether or not presymptomatic tests should be offered to those under the age of legal consent.
Parts If, III, and IV will provide background information about the nature of SM sex and the concepts of legal consent. Part V will review existing cases that discuss consent to SM sex.
Brett Oils Limited admitted breaching its legal Consent to Discharge into the Tyne.
Parents are expected to give legal consent to their child's service providers and to sign release forms permitting a multitude of others to access records they themselves may not be permitted to see.
'The level crossing was never intended to be a main thoroughfare for vehicular traffic for which there is no legal consent.
Even though I can speak Spanish on a limited level, there is no way that I can handle legal consent and other health issues.
As Professor Westen suggests, such a finding is only plausibly explained if one assumes that the grand jury confused factual consent with legal consent, mistaking true acquiescence by Wilson (that is, an all-things-considered choice to submit to intercourse with Valdez), with that amalgam of conditions that are individually necessary and only jointly sufficient for a genuine justification on the part of Valdez (that is, subjective acquiescence by Wilson under circumstances in which her rational capacities were fully intact, she was armed with adequate information, and she was sufficiently free to have meaningfully chosen otherwise) (pp.
'As a result we have decided not to dispense to those under the age of 16 - the age of legal consent.'
Mounting the legal challenge, the Foundation for Children, Youth, and the Law staged a successful campaign to lower the Canadian age of legal consent for homosexual acts to 14.
At issue is a provision which the neurologists say means the exclusion from trials of adults who are not able to give legal consent, unless the product will be of direct benefit to the patient.
Three general situations where treatment may be rendered to minors without legal consent by a parent or guardian are: (a) an emergency where consent is presumed and failure to treat would lead to permanent damage or death; (b) a situation where the consent of a minor is sufficient (for example, treatment for sexually transmitted diseases); and (c) a court order or other form of legal authorization is obtained (Hall, 1996).
Those scholars who emphasize legal consent generally limit their discussion to issues surrounding the need to protect patients from "fraudulent misrepresentation"; that is, to whether the patient was well enough informed to have given a true and valid consent to the procedure.