Osteochondrosis

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osteochondrosis

[‚äs·tē·ō‚kän′drō·səs]
(medicine)
A disease characterized by avascular necrosis of ossification centers followed by regeneration. Also known as Calvé's disease; Kienböck's disease; Köhler's disease; Osgood-Schlatter disease; Scheuermann's disease.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Osteochondrosis

 

any one of a group of primarily inflammatory diseases of the subcartilaginous portions of long tubular bones and apophyses of short bones of the skeleton that result from specific suppurative infections, for example, tuberculosis, or—less commonly—nonspecific suppurative infections of bones and joints. Osteochondrosis can be provoked by colds and microtraumas caused by physical overexertion. In severe cases, all the bones and joints may be affected. Noninflammatory changes in bones and joints can also be classified as osteochondroses.

The clinical symptoms of osteochondrosis are pain and limited movements in the affected joints. The disease can be detected by roentgenographic examination, but no specific treatment exists. Rest and immobilization in a functionally correct position serve to prevent bone deformities, while the pain can be diminished by heat applications and treatment in a health resort.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of femoral osteotomy in the treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. Clin Orthop Relat Res.
Indications for femoral osteotomy in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. Clin Orthop Relat Res.
Diagnoses of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and secondary osteoarthritis were confirmed.
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a challenging condition for physicians, as conservative treatments and early surgical interventions are largely temporary and THA is often required in the long term.
Wenger, "Triple innominate osteotomy for Legg-Calve-Perthes disease in children: does the lateral coverage change with time?," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.
Wallenstein, "The natural history of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease," Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery--Series A, vol.
In these cases, or when radiographs have ruled out apparent abnormalities such as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, SCFE, and fracture, consider septic arthritis or transient synovitis (FIGURE).
Radiographs were negative for fracture or changes typical of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. He was afebrile in the office, but the mother described a fever at home.
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, Part II: Prospective multicenter study of the effect of treatment on outcome.
Maternal smoking during pregnancy, other prenatal and perinatal factors, and the risk of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, Pediatrics.
The etiology of these lesions can arise from a multitude of causes, including trauma, developmental dysplasia, femoroacetabular impingement, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and osteonecrosis.
Several investigators have shown relative success in hip resurfacing for patients exhibiting childhood disorders, including developmental dysplasia of the hip, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, (8-9) while others have shown disappointing results, specifically in the placement and longevity of the femoral component in such cases.