Osteochondrosis

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osteochondrosis

[‚äs·tē·ō‚kän′drō·səs]
(medicine)
A disease characterized by avascular necrosis of ossification centers followed by regeneration. Also known as Calvé's disease; Kienböck's disease; Köhler's disease; Osgood-Schlatter disease; Scheuermann's disease.

Osteochondrosis

 

any one of a group of primarily inflammatory diseases of the subcartilaginous portions of long tubular bones and apophyses of short bones of the skeleton that result from specific suppurative infections, for example, tuberculosis, or—less commonly—nonspecific suppurative infections of bones and joints. Osteochondrosis can be provoked by colds and microtraumas caused by physical overexertion. In severe cases, all the bones and joints may be affected. Noninflammatory changes in bones and joints can also be classified as osteochondroses.

The clinical symptoms of osteochondrosis are pain and limited movements in the affected joints. The disease can be detected by roentgenographic examination, but no specific treatment exists. Rest and immobilization in a functionally correct position serve to prevent bone deformities, while the pain can be diminished by heat applications and treatment in a health resort.

References in periodicals archive ?
Unexpected MRI findings in clinically suspected Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
Relationship between lateral subluxation and widening of medial joint space in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
MRI Abnormalities of the acetabular labrum and articular cartilage are common in healed Legg-Calve-Perthes disease with residual deformities of the hip, J Bone Joint Surg Am.
Radiographs were negative for fracture or changes typical of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
TABLE 1 Possible causes of limp in a child (1-3,17) Traumatic/mechanical Fractures, stress fractures Muscle injuries Sprains/strains Contusions Developmental dysplasia of the hip Slipped Capital femoral epiphysis Tarsal coalition Child abuse Overuse injuries Leg length discrepancy Infectious Septic arthritis Osteomyelitis Lyme disease Psoas abscess Diskitis Inflammatory Transient synovitis Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Ankylosing spondylitis Reiter syndrome Lupus Vascular Legg-Calve-Perthes disease Osteonecrosis Hemoglobinopathies (sickle cell disease) Neoplastic Leukemia, lymphoma Malignant/lyric tumors (Ewing sarcoma, osteogenic sarcoma, etc.