Legislative Commissions

Legislative Commissions


seven temporary collegial bodies that were formed in Russia during the 18th century for the purpose of producing a new code of laws based on the Sobornoe Ulozhenie (Assembly Code) of 1649 and on laws that took effect after the promulgation of the Ulozhenie. A new code was needed because of the great changes that had taken place in the country’s socioeconomic structure and because of the strengthening of the absolute monarchy. The failure of the legislative commissions to produce a new code was due to the contradictory nature of the policies of tsarism, which was forced to stimulate the development of trade and industry at the same time that serfdom was developing, and to the contradictions within the ruling class of feudal lords.

The first legislative commission (1700–03) was known as the Palata o ulozhenii (Chamber of the Code). It was composed of clerks and officials of the Boyar Duma and was headed by the boyar I. B. Troekurov. The commission, however, was not equal to the task it had been given.

The second legislative commission (1714) was headed by Senator V. A. Apukhtin. It succeeded only in preparing supplements to certain chapters of the Ulozhenie of 1649.

The third legislative commission (1720–27) was instructed to make use of the legislation of Sweden, Livonia, and Estonia. In 1725 the commission prepared four parts of a new code (which were devoted primarily to criminal and partly to civil legal procedure), but they were never approved.

The fourth legislative commission (1728–30) was created to systematize the ukases and laws issued after 1649. Because of the commission’s lack of organization and its complete incompetence, Empress Anna Ivanovna dissolved it.

In the summer of 1730 the empress created the fifth legislative commission, which included several members of the previous commission and two members from the Iustits-Kollegiia (Collegium of Justice) and the Votchinnaia Kollegiia (Patrimonial Estate Collegium). The commission discussed drafts of codes dealing with courts of law and with votchiny (patrimonial estates).

The sixth legislative commission (1754–66) was created at the suggestion of Count P. I. Shuvalov in order to systematize existing ukases and to compile a new code in four parts. By late 1760 the commission had prepared two parts relating to criminal legislation (specifically, to courts and investigative matters) and the draft of another part on the status of citizens (devoted to problems of civil rights and relations among estates and classes). The struggle among palace cliques led to disbandment of the commission.

In 1767 the government of Catherine II created the last and most famous of the commissions, the Legislative Commission of 1767.

References in classic literature ?
Prince Andrew, as one closely connected with Speranski and participating in the work of the legislative commission, could give reliable information about that sitting, concerning which various rumors were current.
Increase institutional development of the Parliament with a major focus on building strong legislative commissions to actively review legislation and conduct policy oversight.
Ben Jaafar specified that the assembly had held 295 plenary sessions, 441 constituent commission meetings, 49 sessions of the commission of compromise on the Constitution, 210 meetings of special commissions, 782 meetings of legislative commissions and 23 sessions of "government questioning.
Under a deal reached last week after Congress refused to allow the EZLN to address a full joint session of Congress - an honor usually reserved for heads of state - rebel leaders addressed what was technically a session of several legislative commissions charged with indian and constitutional issues.
Irregularities cited in other government agencies In recent months, other legislative commissions have uncovered irregularities in the operations of government agencies.
After a two-year investigation, a special legislative commission confirmed that some high-level executives in former president Carlos Salinas de Gortari's administration diverted more than 1.
At the state level he has chaired the Governor's Commission for Government By The People (The Frederick Commission), served as a trustee and vice chairman of Partners for Livable Communities, and been appointed to several other regulatory and legislative commissions on environment, comprehensive planning, and transportation.
At the national level, he served on the Foreign Relations Commission and as chairman of both the Economics and Legislative Commissions.
The meeting turned on the participation of the Tunisian expatriates in the next elections and the draft electoral law, presently, under examination in legislative commissions notably concerning the representativity of Tunisian expatriates in the Assembly of the People's Representatives and in several electoral constituencies, a statement of the NCA reads.
of Alaska as well as the National & Homeland Security Council, Economics, Internal Affairs and Legislative Commissions and, most recently, served as chairman of the National Legislative Commission from 2006-2008.
According to the members of the concerned legislative commissions, the text in question will improve the system of financial compensation of damages suffered by the members of security forces by replacing the old system.
BARDO (TAP) - The conference of the presidents of the constituent commissions, the legislative commissions and members of the National Constituent Assembly (NCA) convened, on Friday, to examine the latest political developments and talks underway with the NCA dissident members, said Badreddine Abdelkafi, assessor of the NCA president in charge of relations with the civil society.

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