Legislative Initiative

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Legislative Initiative


the right of competent persons and institutions to introduce for the consideration of a legislative body a bill or proposal to enact a new law or an amendment to or a repeal of existing legislation; legislative initiative entails the obligation to discuss the inclusion of the bill on the agenda of the legislative body.

Legislative initiative is the initial stage of the legislative process. As a rule, constitutions or other legislative acts determine who has the right of legislative initiative. In the USSR, holders of the right of legislative initiative are both houses of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, as well as the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, commissions of both houses of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, deputies of the Supreme So-viet of the USSR, the Supreme Court of the USSR, the Soviet trade unions represented by the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions, and the Union republics, represented by their highest bodies of state power. In Union and autonomous republics holders of the right of legislative initiative are the relevant bodies of the republics.

The Program of the CPSU (1961) envisages the widening of the circle of right-holders of legislative initiative and the future granting of this right to the All-Union Lenin Communist Youth League of the Soviet Union and other mass public organizations, represented by their all-Union or republic bodies.

Proposals to enact laws may originate with organizations or with private citizens who do not possess the right of legislative initiative. In a socialist society, many such proposals are made during national discussions of the most important bills; these proposals are considered and taken into account in the formulation of the laws.

In bourgeois states, the right of legislative initiative is most often granted to the chief of state, to deputies of the parliament, to the government, and to certain central governmental agencies. In Italy, Switzerland, the USA, and several other countries the right of popular initiative is also formally proclaimed—that is, the obligation to consider a bill signed by a certain number of voters (for example, in accordance with the Italian constitution, at least 50,000 signatures). In fact, legislative initiative is entirely concentrated in the hands of the executive branch; this is a characteristic of the decline of the bourgeois parliamentary system.


References in periodicals archive ?
So, within the framework of the agenda, the parliamentarians considered the decisions on the legislative initiative of the Legislative Assembly of the Trans-Baikal Region to amend the federal legislation with regard to the introduction of a state fee for the issuance of a hunting ticket in the amount of five hundred rubles.
The Latvian parliament has voted down the legislative initiative proposed by Latvian President Raimonds Vejonis to stop registering children born to Latvia's noncitizens as non-citizens.
Summary: A new legislative initiative that should set up a new legal framework conducive to Start-ups," will be officially launched on Tuesday, April 11 at El Ghazela Technopark, by the Ministry
Member of the Parliament Dastan Bekeshev proposed amendments to the law on people's legislative initiative.
Its proponents recommend a legislative initiative that assures a change in the European approach to water: a shift from today's market-based approach to one based on the universal right to water, with the focus on public service.
I intend to progress my legislative initiative and place victims in the centre of the criminal justice system.
This causes great concern for small organizations, which could be spending a small amount of time and money on a legislative initiative (which it deems is insubstantial) and yet could be deemed to have a great impact on the organization once the new law is enacted.
Ten years after it was founded in 1967 as a result of the legislative initiative of U.
In March 1994, the ACA Executive Committee voted to pursue a legislative initiative on the federal crime bill, which would utilize federal funding to send disadvantaged, at-risk youth to camp.
Latvian President Raimonds Vejonis intends to come forth with the legislative initiative concerning the Latvian citizenship for children born to Latvia's non-citizens in fall this year.
TAP) - Member of the House of People's Representatives (HPR) and president of the "Call for Tunisians Abroad" Movement Riadh Jaidane announced, Thursday, a legislative initiative to regulate the state of emergency in Tunisia.
A working paper on public-public cooperation is due in early 2011, as well as a legislative initiative on services concessions, two subjects that raise problems in the EU.

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