Legislative Initiative

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Legislative Initiative


the right of competent persons and institutions to introduce for the consideration of a legislative body a bill or proposal to enact a new law or an amendment to or a repeal of existing legislation; legislative initiative entails the obligation to discuss the inclusion of the bill on the agenda of the legislative body.

Legislative initiative is the initial stage of the legislative process. As a rule, constitutions or other legislative acts determine who has the right of legislative initiative. In the USSR, holders of the right of legislative initiative are both houses of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, as well as the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, commissions of both houses of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, deputies of the Supreme So-viet of the USSR, the Supreme Court of the USSR, the Soviet trade unions represented by the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions, and the Union republics, represented by their highest bodies of state power. In Union and autonomous republics holders of the right of legislative initiative are the relevant bodies of the republics.

The Program of the CPSU (1961) envisages the widening of the circle of right-holders of legislative initiative and the future granting of this right to the All-Union Lenin Communist Youth League of the Soviet Union and other mass public organizations, represented by their all-Union or republic bodies.

Proposals to enact laws may originate with organizations or with private citizens who do not possess the right of legislative initiative. In a socialist society, many such proposals are made during national discussions of the most important bills; these proposals are considered and taken into account in the formulation of the laws.

In bourgeois states, the right of legislative initiative is most often granted to the chief of state, to deputies of the parliament, to the government, and to certain central governmental agencies. In Italy, Switzerland, the USA, and several other countries the right of popular initiative is also formally proclaimed—that is, the obligation to consider a bill signed by a certain number of voters (for example, in accordance with the Italian constitution, at least 50,000 signatures). In fact, legislative initiative is entirely concentrated in the hands of the executive branch; this is a characteristic of the decline of the bourgeois parliamentary system.


References in periodicals archive ?
Member of the Parliament Dastan Bekeshev proposed amendments to the law on people's legislative initiative.
This causes great concern for small organizations, which could be spending a small amount of time and money on a legislative initiative (which it deems is insubstantial) and yet could be deemed to have a great impact on the organization once the new law is enacted.
Ten years after it was founded in 1967 as a result of the legislative initiative of U.
In March 1994, the ACA Executive Committee voted to pursue a legislative initiative on the federal crime bill, which would utilize federal funding to send disadvantaged, at-risk youth to camp.
They have teamed up under the INTERREG IIIB Atlantic Area Operational Program, Measure D3, a legislative initiative designed to stimulate increased growth in the broader Euratlantic area, and supported by a nearly 1 million Euro grant from the European Commission.
The draft law on people's legislative initiative can be used by some politicians for their personal benefit, said MP Dastan Bekeshev of Ar Namys faction at the round table discussion on February 9 in Bishkek.
NYARM, as an organization, is dedicated to raising the standards of excellence for the real estate management professional through education, information, legislative initiative and a peer network.
A legislative initiative to increase the participation of faith-based organizations in healthcare recently transformed into the use of administrative regulations to accomplish the same purpose.
Determined to get their Legislative Initiative to permanently close the three Detroit gambling casinos on the November 7, 2000 General Election Ballot, Rev.
More information on this legislative initiative can be obtained by sending a 9"x12" self-addressed envelope with $0.
Much of the focus of this legislative initiative is aimed at reducing fraud and abuse throughout the health care system.
Founded in 1958, The New York Association of Realty Managers is a membership organization dedicated to raising the standards of excellence for real estate professionals through education, information, legislative initiative and peer networking.

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