Legislative Initiative


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Legislative Initiative

 

the right of competent persons and institutions to introduce for the consideration of a legislative body a bill or proposal to enact a new law or an amendment to or a repeal of existing legislation; legislative initiative entails the obligation to discuss the inclusion of the bill on the agenda of the legislative body.

Legislative initiative is the initial stage of the legislative process. As a rule, constitutions or other legislative acts determine who has the right of legislative initiative. In the USSR, holders of the right of legislative initiative are both houses of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, as well as the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, commissions of both houses of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, deputies of the Supreme So-viet of the USSR, the Supreme Court of the USSR, the Soviet trade unions represented by the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions, and the Union republics, represented by their highest bodies of state power. In Union and autonomous republics holders of the right of legislative initiative are the relevant bodies of the republics.

The Program of the CPSU (1961) envisages the widening of the circle of right-holders of legislative initiative and the future granting of this right to the All-Union Lenin Communist Youth League of the Soviet Union and other mass public organizations, represented by their all-Union or republic bodies.

Proposals to enact laws may originate with organizations or with private citizens who do not possess the right of legislative initiative. In a socialist society, many such proposals are made during national discussions of the most important bills; these proposals are considered and taken into account in the formulation of the laws.

In bourgeois states, the right of legislative initiative is most often granted to the chief of state, to deputies of the parliament, to the government, and to certain central governmental agencies. In Italy, Switzerland, the USA, and several other countries the right of popular initiative is also formally proclaimed—that is, the obligation to consider a bill signed by a certain number of voters (for example, in accordance with the Italian constitution, at least 50,000 signatures). In fact, legislative initiative is entirely concentrated in the hands of the executive branch; this is a characteristic of the decline of the bourgeois parliamentary system.

V. V. KRAVCHENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
In this meeting, three draft laws were approved: "On Civil Protection", "On Legislative Initiative of Citizens in the Republic of Albania" and "On Amendments and Amendments to Law 10,242 DATE 25.02.2010" for the Criminal Investigation Institute and Communist Consequences in Albania".
I had an opportunity to complete an assignment with SCNA advocates who were diligently opposing a proposed legislative initiative that would have decreased or completely removed nurses from operating rooms in South Carolina.
The mechanism of national legislative initiative will be used to pass a new draft law, organizers noted.
His appearance is made possible by HOYA Vision Care as part of the State Legislative Initiative, a joint effort to support the advocacy work of state optometric associations.
The Latvian parliament has voted down the legislative initiative proposed by Latvian President Raimonds Vejonis to stop registering children born to Latvia's noncitizens as non-citizens.
Summary: A new legislative initiative that should set up a new legal framework conducive to Start-ups," will be officially launched on Tuesday, April 11 at El Ghazela Technopark, by the Ministry
Member of the Parliament Dastan Bekeshev proposed amendments to the law on people's legislative initiative.
To safeguard the Commission's right of legislative initiative, it reserves the right to accept or reject the requests contained in petitions submitted to it.
NACUSO said it also supports a legislative initiative to expand member business lending.
"I intend to progress my legislative initiative and place victims in the centre of the criminal justice system."
The Bureau of National Affairs reports that the EU executive body's legislative initiative was made as part of its drive to reduce obesity in Europe, especially among children.
Hirsch Maritime Award for outstanding leadership for his "commitment to the goal of maintaining the strong US maritime industry needed to protect the political, military, economic, and environmental security of the US." Finnerty had worked tirelessly on and contributed to every major US maritime policy and legislative initiative since 1966, including the Shipping Act of 1984 and the Maritime Security Act of 1996 and has been an active participant in numerous industry-DOD groups working to provide strategic sealift for the US in time of national need.

Full browser ?